DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2015-15-1-115-121


NUCLEAR-MAGNETIC MINI-RELAXOMETER FOR LIQUID AND VISCOUS MEDIA CONTROL

V. V. Davydov, E. N. Velichko, A. Y. Karseev


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For citation: Davydov V.V., Velichko E.N., Karseev A.Yu. Nuclear-magnetic mini-relaxometer for liquid and viscous media control. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2015, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 115–121

Abstract

The paper deals with a new method for registration of nuclear magnetic resonance signal of small volume liquid and viscous media being studied (0.5 ml) in a weak magnetic field (0.06 –0.08 T), and measuring of longitudinal T1 and transverse T2 relaxation constants. A new construction of NMR mini-relaxometer magnetic system is developed for registration of NMR signal. The nonuniformity of a magnetic field in a pole where registration coil is located is 0,410–3 sm–1 (the induction is В0 = 0.079 T). An electrical circuit of autodyne receiver (weak fluctuations generator) has been developed with usage of low noise differential amplifier and NMR signal operating and control scheme (based on microcontroller STM32) for measuring of relaxation constants of liquid and viscous media in automatic operating mode. New technical decisions made it possible to improve relaxometer response time and dynamic range of measurements for relaxation constants T1 and T2 in comparison with small sized nuclear-magnetic spectrometer developed by the authors earlier (with accuracy characteristics conservation). The developed schemes for self-tuning of registration frequency, generating amplitude of magnetic field H1 in registration coil, and amplitude and frequency of modulating field provide measuring of T1 and T2 with error less than 0.5 % and signal to noise ratio about 1.2 in temperature range from 3 to 400 C. A new construction of mini-relaxometer reduced the weight of the device to 4 kg (with independent supply unit) and increased transportability and operating convenience.


Keywords: nuclear magnetic resonance, relaxation constants, relaxometer, magnetic field, microcontroller, liquid medium

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