DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-3-422-427


RESEARCH OF THE ENTRANCE ANGLE EFFECT ON THE REFLECTANCE SPECTRA OF THE STAINLESS STEEL SURFACE OXIDIZED BY PULSED LASER RADIATION

V. P. Veiko, G. V. Odintsova, Y. Y. Karlagina, Y. M. Andreeva, E. I. Ageev, R. M. Yatsuk


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Article in Russian

For citation: Veiko V.P., Odintsova G.V., Karlagina Yu.Yu., Andreeva Ya. M., Ageev E.I., Yatsuk R.M. Research of the entrance angle effect on the reflectance spectra of the stainless steel surface oxidized by pulsed laser radiation. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 422–427. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-3-422-427

Abstract

Subject of Research.Oxide films on the metal surfaces can be obtained both by surface-uniform infrared heating and local laser treatment e.g. by sequence of nanosecond laser pulses. Due to interference in created films the coloration of treated area is observed. The present work shows the results of spectrophotometric measurements for various light entrance angles in the range of 10-60°. Method. AISI 304 stainless steel plates were oxidized by two methods: in muffle furnace FM - 10 (Т= 500-600° С, t = 5-7 min.) and at line-by-line scanning by sequence of nanosecond laser pulses (λ = 1.06 μm, τ =100 ns, r = 25 μm,q=2.91∙107 W/cm2, Nx = 30, Ny = 1). Surface research in optical resolution was realized by Carl Zeiss Axio Imager A1M. Reflectance spectra were obtained with spectrophotometer Lambda Perkin 1050 with integrating sphere at different fixed light incidence angles. Topographic features were detected by scanning probe microscopy investigation with NanoEducator equipment. Main Results. The quantitative surface geometry characteristics of AISI 304 stainless steel patterns treated by different methods are obtained. It was found that the increase of light entrance angle has no influence on the form of reflection coefficient dependence from a wavelength, but a blue-shift occurs especially for the case of laser treatment. This difference can be caused by surface topology formed by laser heating and variety of oxide film thickness. This effect results in more significant change in observed sample color for laser treatment then for infrared heating. Practical Relevance. The results obtained in the present work can be used to implement a new element of product protection against forgery with the product marking.


Keywords: color laser marking, oxide films, spectrophotometry, stainless steel, fiber laser

Acknowledgements. The authors are very grateful to A.A. Shimko for reflectance spectra measurements carried out at the Centre for Optical and Laser Materials Research at St. Petersburg State University and to O.A. Prikhodco for the essential comments and recommendations. The study was supported by RFBR according to the research project #14-29-07227.

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