DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2017-17-4-569-592


MODELING AND SIMULATION OF COMBUSTION AND DETONATION BY SUBCRITICAL STREAMER DISCHARGE

P. V. Bulat, I. I. Esakov, L. P. Grachev, P. V. Denissenko, M. P. Bulat , I. A. Volobuev


Read the full article 
Article in Russian

For citation: Bulat P.V., Esakov I.I., Grachev L.P., Denissenko P.V., Bulat M.P., Volobuev I.A. Modeling and simulation of combustion and detonation by subcritical streamer discharge. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2017, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 569–592 (in Russian). doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2017-17-4-569-592

Abstract

We consider the possibilities of combustion and detonation initiation for propane mixtured with air by microwave discharges created by a quasi-optical electromagnetic beam. Comparison of initiation is performed by different types of discharge: spark, streamer, and attached one. The formation theory of streamer discharges is given, the velocity of their propagation and the volume of energy supplies are analyzed. Experiments have been carried out together with calculation of the propane-air mixture ignition by various types of discharges. It is shown that when burning is initiated by a streamer discharge, a multiple increase in the propagation velocity of the flame front and the completeness of the fuel combustion is obtained as compared to a spark discharge with an equal energy contribution. In the prechamber initiation of combustion by igniting a streamer discharge on the inner walls of the quartz tube, a significant acceleration of combustion was obtained up to the rates characteristic for the transition of deflagration to detonation. The results can be applied in the development of multi-volumetric volumetric ignition systems in internal combustion engines, gas turbine engines, low-emission combustion chambers, for combustion in supersonic flow, and in combustion chambers for detonation engines.


Keywords: microwave, combustion, detonation, deflagration, streamer discharge, detonation initiation, transition of deflagration to detonation

Acknowledgements. This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (Agreement No. 14.578.21.0111, unique identifier of applied scientific research RFMEFI57815X0111).

References
1.     Bulat P.V., Denissenko P.V., Volkov K.N. Trends in the development of detonation engines for high-speed aerospace aircrafts and the problem of triple configurations of shock waves. Part I. Research of detonation engines. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–21.
2.     Bulat P.V., Uskov V.N. Shock and detonation wave in terms of view of the theory of interaction gasdynamic discontinuities. Life Science Journal, 2014, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 307–310.
3.     Uskov V.N., Bulat P.V., Arkhipova L.P. Gas-dynamic discontinuity conception. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 2014, vol. 8, no. 22, pp. 2255–2259.
4.     Bulat P.V., Esakov I.I., Volobuev I.A., Grachev L.P. On the possibility of burning acceleration in the combustion chambers of advanced jet engines by deeply subcritical microwave discharge. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 382–385. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-2-382-385
5.     Nettleton M.A. Gaseous Detonations: Their Nature, Effects and Control. Springer, 2012, 256 p.
6.     Dryer F.L., Ju Y. University Capstone Project: Enhanced Initiation Techniques for Thermochemical Energy Conversion. Final Report AFRL-OSR-VA-TR-2013-0126, 2013.
7.     Borisov A.A. Detonation initiation in gas and two-phase mixtures. In Pulse Detonation Engine. Ed. S.M. Frolov. Moscow, Torus Press, 2006, pp. 159–186.
8.     Bulat P., Volkov K. Simulation of laser-induced detonation in particulate systems with applications to pulse detonation engines. Proc. 30th Int. Symposium on Shock Waves, ISSW30. Tel-Aviv, Israel, 2015.
9.     Volkov K.N., Bulat P.V., Ilina E.E. Model of laser interaction with liquid droplet. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 764–772. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-5-764-772
10.  Volkov K. Laser-induced breakdown and detonation in gas-particle and gas-droplet mixtures. In Horizons in World Physics. Edited by A. Reimer. USA, Nova Science Publishers, 2015, vol. 284, pp. 127–178.
11.  Starikovskiy A., Rakitin A. Plasma-assisted ignition and deflagration-to-detonation transition. Proc. 53rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. Kissimmee, USA, 2015, 19 p. doi: 10.2514/6.2015-1601
12.  Bulat P.V., Bulat M.P., Esakov I.I., Volobuev I.A., Grachev L.P., Denissenko P.V. Environmentally friendly method of gaseous fuel combustion with the use of quasi-optical microwave. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 513–523. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-2-513-523
13.  Chernyshev S.L., Skvortsov V.V., Ivanov V.V., Troschinenko G.A. A concept for generation and application of body-centered non-equilibrium discharge for initiation and intensification of fuel combustion in high-speed flows. Aviatsionnaya Promyshlennost', 2013, no. 2, pp. 19–25.
14.  Esakov I., Grachev L., Khodataev K., Van Wie D. The linear electromagnetic vibrator as the initiator of electric breakdown of air in deeply subcritical field of quasioptical microwave beam. Proc. 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. Orlando, USA, 2011, paper AIAA 2011–1151. doi: 10.2514/6.2011-1151 
15.  Khodataev K.V. The power effectivity of a microwave undercritical attached discharge, initiated by resonant vibrator. Proc. 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. Reno, USA, 2005, pp. 13341–13346.
16.  Khodataev K.V. The nature of surface MW discharges. Proc. 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibition. Orlando, USA, 2010, art. 2010–1378.
17.  Aleksandrov K.V., Esakov I.I., Lavrov P.B., Ravaev A.A., Khodataev K.V. Regular set of gas discharges on the surface of a dielectric in a quasi-optical microwave beam. Technical Physics, 2012, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1095–1100. doi: 10.1134/S1063784212080026
18.  Khodataev K.V. The ignition of the combustion and detonation by the undercritical microwave discharge. Proc. 32nd AIAA Plasmadynamics and Laser Conference. Anaheim, USA, 2001.
19.  Khodataev K.V. Weak detonation wave ignition and sustaining in over CJ-speed flow by means of undercritical microwave discharge. Symposium on Thermo-Chemical and Plasma Processes in Aerodynamics. St. Petersburg, 2006.
20.  Bychkov D.V., Grachev L.P., Esakov I.I., Ravaev A.A., Severinov L.G. Electrical discharge excited by the deeply undercritical field of a microwave beam in a high-speed jet of air and air-propane mixture. Technical Physics, 2009, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 1276–1283. doi: 10.1134/S1063784209090059
21.  Esakov I.I., Grachev L.P., Bychkov V.L., VanWie D.M. Investigation of undercritical MW discharge with volumetrically developed streamer structure in propane-air supersonic stream. Proc. 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. Reno, USA, 2006, pp. 9493–9501.
22.  Esakov I., Khodataev K.V. Applicability of ionization-overheating instability theory for a microwave gas discharge. Proc. 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. Nashville, USA, 2012, art. AIAA 2012-1163.
23.  Khodataev K.V. The initial phase of initiated undercritical microwave discharge. Proc. 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. Reno, USA, 2005, pp. 13347–13361.
24.  Aleksandrov K.V., Grachev L.P., Esakov I.I., Fedorov V.V., Khodataev K.V. Domains of existence of various types of microwave discharge in quasi-optical electromagnetic beams. Technical Physics. The Russian Journal of Applied Physics, 2006, vol. 51, no.11, pp. 1448–1456.
25.  Khodataev K.V. Breakdown threshold in the microwave field at low and high pressures in electronegative gas mixtures. Technical Physics, 2013, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 294–297. doi: 10.1134/S1063784213020126
26.  Khodataev K.V. Numerical modeling of the combustion, assisted by the microwave undercritical discharge in supersonic flow. Proc. 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. Reno, USA, 2005, pp. 14847–14862.
27.  Khovatson A.M. Introduction to the Theory of Gas Discharge. Moscow, Atomizdat Publ., 1980, 182 p.
28.  Artsimovich L.A., Sagdeev R.Z. Plasma Physics for Physicists. Moscow, Atomizdat Publ., 1979, 313 p.
29.  Khodataev K.V., Gorelik B.R. Diffusive and drift regimes of propagation of a plane ionization wave in microwave field. Plasma Physics Reports, 1997, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 215–224.
30.  Grachev L.P., Esakov I.I., Malyk S.G. A spherical plasmoid with a diffuse boundary in a linearly polarized quasistatic electromagnetic field. Technical Physics, 2001, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 668–672. doi: 10.1134/1.1379631
31.  Landau L.D., Lifshits I.M. Electrodynamics of Solid Mediums. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1982. 621 p.
32.  MacDonald A.D. Microwave Breakdown in Gases. NY, Wiley, 1966.
33.  Saha Megh Nad. On a physical theory of stellar spectra. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, 1921, vol. 99, no. 697, pp. 135–153.
34.  Khodataev K.V. Physics of super undercritical streamer discharge in UHF electromagnetic wave. Proc. 23rd Int. Conf. on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, ICPIG. Toulouse, France, 1997.
35.  Khodataev K.V. The physical basis of the high ability of the streamer MW discharge to a resonant absorption of MW radiation. Proc. 42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. Reno, USA, 2004, pp. 1948–1955.
36.  Zheltovodov A.A., Pimonov E.A. Numerical simulation of an energy deposition zone in quiescent air and in a supersonic flow under the conditions of interaction with a normal shock. Technical Physics, 2013, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 170–184. doi: 10.1134/S1063784213020278
37.  Grachev L.P., Esakov I.I., Khodataev K.V., Tsyplenkov V.V. High-frequency breakdown of air in the presence of a metal ball. Fizika Plazmy, 1992, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 411–413. (In Russian)
38.  Grachev L.P., Esakov I.I. Mishin G.I., Khodataev K.V. High-frequency breakdown of air in the presence of a vibrator. Technical Physics, 1995, vol. 65, no. 7, pp. 60–67. (In Russian)
39.  Zhukov V.P. Ignition of Saturated Hydrocarbons at High Pressures and Iinitiation of Detonation by a Nanosecond Discharge. Avtoreferat Dis. Phi.-Math. Sci. Dolgoprudnyi, Russia, 2005, 22 p.
40.  Lefkowitz J.K., Ombrello T. Study of nanosecond pulsed high frequency discharge ignition in a flowing methane. Proc. 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Air Mixture. Grapevine, USA, 2017, art. AIAA 2017-1777.
Copyright 2001-2017 ©
Scientific and Technical Journal
of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
All rights reserved.

Яндекс.Метрика