DISCUSSION ABOUT THE PECULIARITIES OF THE RUSSIAN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY IN NATIONAL HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
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The article is devoted to the history of the Russian industry in the beginning of the twentieth century; the focus is unfolded in national historiography of the debate about the level of capitalism development in Russia. This discussion, not exhausted itself and experienced a political and ideological influence, helped to create a new system approach to the history of industry in Russia, the inclusion in the global context. Especially this contributes to a new theoretical basis for the concept of a "new direction". Achievements of the national historiography of the second half of the twentieth century are updated in connection with developing the modern research, in particular, the study of optical industry formation in Russia.