MONOBLOCK EMITTERS FOR MELTING OF SYNTHETIC FATTY ACIDS

A. N. Cherepanov


Read the full article 
Article in Russian


Abstract

The paper deals with usage of monoblock emitters for melting of synthetic fatty acids, which are delivered to plants in a solid state and are used in the production of detergents as liquids. In such emitters all lamps are arranged in a common case. Irradiation of the solid phase in the direction of the channel melting axis is done through an output quartz window. This method excludes the possibility of slowing down or stopping the process when one of the tubes is overheated. Halogen lamps are used as light sources, each one is placed in individual transparent body. Combined effect of thermal power supply and the light emission should provide a significant increase in the rate of the channel melting in the solid phase of the synthetic fatty acid. The results of evaluations for achievable rates of the channel melting in the solid phase of the synthetic fatty acids are presented. Melting of the channel with one meter depth can be reached in less than an hour when eight halogen lamps of 100 W power are used. To exclude the possibility of self-ignition of the liquid phase of synthetic fatty acid it is proposed to adjust the luminosity of the emitter and the surface temperature by selecting the number of lamps in the monoblock emitter cavity. The usage of cylindrical quartz tube as a case for monoblock emitter increases the diameter of the melting channel due to side effects of light on the solid and liquid phases.


Keywords: melting of chemical agents, synthetic fatty acids, light emission, halogen lamps

References
1.          BukhshtabZ.I., Mel'nik A.P., Kovalev V.M. Tekhnologiya sinteticheskikh moyushchikh sredstv [Technology of synthetic detergents]. Moscow, Legprombytizdat Publ., 1988, 320 p.
2.          BurdoYu.I., Palevskii L.V., Badeshchenkov S.V., Grishchenko E.N. Osobennosti protsessa nepreryvnogo dozirovaniya zhidkogo sul'fonola v proizvodstve SMS [Features of the process of continuous dosing of liquid sulphonol detergent production]. Novoe v oblasti tekhnologii, apparaturnogo oformleniya i razrabotki sredstv avtomatizatsii i mekhanizatsii protsessov proizvodstva TBKh [New technology, hardware design and development of automation and mechanization of processes of production of household products]. Moscow, Research Institute for Technical and Economic Research of the Chemical Industry Publ.,1990, pp. 23–28.
3.          de Groot W.H., Adami I., Moretti G.F. The manufacture of modern detergent powders. Wassenaar, TheNetherlands, HermandeGroot Academic Publisher, 1995, 199 p.
4.          Woollatt E. The manufacture of soaps, other detergents and glicerine. Chichester, UK, E. Horwood Publ., 1985, 473 p.
5.          Handbookof Detergents. Pt F: Production. Eds U. Zoller, P. Sosis. Boca Raton, USA, CRC Press, 2009, 593 p.
6.          Berezhkovskii M.I. Khranenie i transportirovanie khimicheskikh produktov [Storage and transportation of chemical products]. Leningrad,Khimiya Publ., 1982, 256 p.
7.          Cherepanov A.N. Energosberegayushchaya tekhnologiya rasplavleniya khimicheskikh veshchestv svetovym izlucheniem [Energy-saving technology of chemical agents melting by light radiation]. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2014, no. 1 (89), pp. 50–54.
8.          Voronkova E.M., Grechushnikov B.N., Distler G.N., Petrov I.P. Opticheskie materialy dlya infrakrasnoi tekhniki [Optical materials in infrared devices]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1965, 346 p.
9.          VolynkinV.M., Khankov S.I., Cherepanov A.N. Eksperimental'noe issledovanie vozmozhnostei rasplavleniya sinteticheskikh zhirnykh kislot metodom svetovogo oblucheniya [Experimental study opportunities melting synthetic fatty acids method of solar irradiation]. Khimicheskaya promyshlennost', 2004, no. 6, pp. 46–58.
10.       VolynkinV.M., Khankov S.I., Cherepanov A.N. Energeticheskii balans v tekhnologicheskikh ustanovkakh dlya rasplavleniya sinteticheskikh zhirnykh kislot [Energy balance in technological installations for melting synthetic fatty acids]. Khimicheskaya tekhnologiya, 2004, no. 10, pp. 34–41.
11.       VolynkinV.M., Khankov S.I., Cherepanov A.N. Metodika dlya inzhenernykh raschetov skorosti proplavleniya kanala v tverdoi faze sinteticheskikh zhirnykh kislot trubchatym kontaktnym nagrevatelem [Technique of engineering calculation speed penetration of the channel in the solid phase of synthetic fatty acids tubular contact heater]. Khimicheskaya tekhnologiya, 2003, no. 8, pp. 40–44.
12.       Cherepanov A.N., Volynkin V.M., Khankov S.I. A method for calculating the melting rate of chemical products belonging to the class of synthetic fatty acids by a combined light- and heat-emitting source. ThermalEngineering,2003, vol. 50, no.7, pp. 571-577.
13.       Volynkin V.M., Khankov S.I., Cherepanov A.N. Issledovanie effektivnosti metodov rasplavleniya sinteticheskikh zhirnykh kislot, osnovannykh na ispol'zovanii istochnikov svetovogo izlucheniya [Study of efficiency of methods of melting synthetic fatty acids, based on the use of sources of light radiation]. Khimicheskaya tekhnologiya, 2004, no. 1, pp. 18–21.
14.       VolynkinV.M., KhankovS.I., CherepanovA.N. Ustroistvodlyanagrevaniyaiplavleniyakhimicheskikhproduktov. Svidetel'stvo na poleznuyu model' no. 20909[Device for heating and melting of chemical products. Certificate on useful model no.20909]. Filing no. 2001118373. Priority date: 04.07.2001. Publication date: 10.12.2001. Bull. no. 34. IPC7 V67 D5/00, V65 D88/74.
15.       VolynkinV.M., KhankovS.I., CherepanovA.N. Ustroistvodlyaplavleniyainagrevaniyakhimicheskikhproduktov. Svidetel'stvo na poleznuyu model' no. 21195[Device for melting and heating of chemical products. Certificate on useful model no. 21195]. Filing no. 2001118375. Priority date: 04.07.2001. Publication date: 27.12.2001. Bull. no. 36. IPC 7 V 67 D 5/00.
16.       CherepanovA.N., Khankov S.I. Metody rascheta protsessov rasplavleniya organicheskogo khimicheskogo syr'ya s prosvetlyayushcheisya zhidkoi fazoi [Methods of calculation of processes of melting of organic chemical raw materials with the clarified liquid phase]. St. Petersburg, L.T. Tuchkov Scientific Technical Center, 2006, 230 p.
Copyright 2001-2017 ©
Scientific and Technical Journal
of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
All rights reserved.

Яндекс.Метрика