DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2015-15-3-463-469


CENTRALIZED MAC PROTOCOL FOR HIERARCHICAL CACHING PROCESSORS

A. A. Antonov, A. . Klyuchev, M. S. Komar, P. V. Kustarev, Y. A. Koucheryavy, D. A. Moltchanov, V. I. Petrov, A. E. Platunov


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For citation: Antonov A.A., Kluchev A.O., Komar M.S., Kustarev P.V., Koucheryavy Ye.A., Moltchanov D.A., Petrov V.I., Platunov A.E. Applicability Centralized MAC protocol for hierarchical caching processors. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2015, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 463–469.

Abstract
The subject of research is the architecture of modern processors with hierarchical organization of cache subsystem. Analysis of implementation possibility of wireless connectivity between cores and Level 3 cache has been carried out. In order tospecify the requirements to wireless communication channel, communication in modern general-purpose processors has been explored by an example of Intel Core i7 (Haswell). Interaction model of cache subsystem components has been developed, and on its basis interaction characteristics between them are being evaluated. Analysis of the model shows that the latency of cache line transmission via the proposed channel is about 0.26 nanoseconds, which correlates well with the latency of L1 cache (about 2 nanoseconds). Also, wireless channel satisfies the distance requirements, giving the possibility for data transmission upto 3 centimeters, as well as power requirements with consumption of 1 uW. The result of research is the developed medium access protocol for wireless connectivity between computational cores and Level 3 cache. To account for required simplicity of implementation and efficiency of operation, it is proposed to use the single frequency range for all radio interfaces and time division multiple access scheme with prescribed fields for addressing and data. The paper deals with protocol data unit structure, which is used for communication between units. Possibility of shared time counter creationis used for synchronization between units. Time division duplex with possibly dynamic non-equal time shares is used to organize uplink and downlink communications. Time division mechanism gives the possibility for the system to adapt to load irregularities between the cores through allocation of various amounts of time slots for each core.

Keywords: general-purposeprocessors, hierarchicalcache, terahertzfrequency range, wireless multiple access.

Acknowledgements. This work was carried out within Academy of Finland FiDiPro program ''Nano Communication Networks'', 2012–2016, and partially financially supported by the Government of the Russian Federation, Grant 074-U01.

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