doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-2-277-283


FIRE-RESISTANCE PROPERTIES RESEARCH OF “WATER GLASS - GRAPHITE MICROPARTICLES” COMPOSITE MATERIAL

E. A. Pitukhin, A. S. Ustinov


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For citation: Pitukhin E.A., Ustinov A.S. Fire-resistance properties research of “water glass - graphite microparticles” composite material. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 277–283. doi:10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-2-277-283

Abstract

Subject of Research. Research results of the fire-resistance for “water glass - graphite microparticles” composite material (CM) are given. The method for fire-resistance test of the micro composition is suggested in order to determine the limit state of the experimental samples under hightemperature action. Method. Test-benchequipment being used for research includes metering devices of temperature and time, as well as laboratory electric furnace PL20 with a maximum temperature in the chamber up to 1250ºC. Fire-resistance limit for the test samples  of composite material is determined by the loss of insulating ability (I). For that purpose, the time is obtained from the test beginning with the standard temperature mode up to a limiting condition. Main Results. In accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents fire-resistance limit I15 has been obtained equal to 15 minutes. The qualitative and quantitative phase analysis of the CM structure has been done. By the study of samples by X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy we have determined that the material retains the same chemical structure with a monotonic heating above 700° C. Practical Relevance. The composite material with obtained characteristics can be used as a protective coating for building constructions with the aim of fire-resistance enhancement and fuel hazard reduction.


Keywords: composite material, liquid glass, graphite filler, fire-resistance limit, thermal effect

Acknowledgements. The work was supported by the Program for strategic development of Petrozavodsk State University for 2012–2016.

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