doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-3-416-421


D. G. Fatkhullina, E. V. Zhukova, N. B. Margaryants

Read the full article  ';
Article in Russian

For citation: Fatkhullina D.G., Zhukova E.V., Margaryants N.B. Study of ink layer by method of attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2016, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 416–421. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2016-16-3-416-421


Subject of Research.  Researchresults of thickness distribution of an ink layer smearedon a glass surface are presented. The orange ink which is used as a coloring pigment in writing instrument (highlighter) is selectedasan object of study. Method. Researches were carried out by the method of attenuated total reflectance(ATR) spectroscopy. The spectral setup fitted up on the basis of monochromator MDR-204 was usedin the experiment. The peculiarity of the measurement scheme is the applicationofhigh-resolution camera as a radiation detector and information storage as an images package. Researches allowed receivingexperimental data in the form of ink ATR spectra arrayfor studied areas of layer surface in a given spectral range. Main Results. The estimation of ink layer thickness was done, that gives the possibilityto visualize its distribution over the surface using three-dimensional modeling capabilities. The thickness of the ink layer is not more than 0.12 microns and arithmetic mean of the thickness is0.06 microns. The local areas are observed in an ink distribution, they have a maximum layer thickness (0.07-0.12 microns) or areas with the ink thickness less then 0.03 microns. Variation of the ink layer thicknessbetween the local areas is smooth. Practical Relevance. The proposed measuring scheme, the sequence of registration and processing of experimental data can be used to studyink distribution within the thickness of a surface layer of other materials,for example, in analysis of signs performed by an ink on paper medium in order to identify them in such areas of science as forensic science andstudy of art.

Keywords: attenuated total reflectance (ATR) spectroscopy, ink, high resolution camera, Dove prism, surface

Acknowledgements. The authors thank I.P. Gurov, D.Sc., Professor, for a comprehensive discussion of findings and espousal of scientific experimental initiative.


1. Gurov I.P. Zhukova E.V., Margaryants N.B. Investigation of materials internal microstructure by optical coherence microscopy with a tunable wavelength. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2012, no. 3(79), pp. 40–45. (In Russian)
2. Harrick N.J. Internal Reflection Spectroscopy. NY, Interscience Publ., 1967, 327 p.
3. Hawkins S.A., Park B., Poole G.H., Gottwald T., Windham W.R., Lawrence K.C. Detection of citrus Huanglongbing by Fourier transform infrared–attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 2010, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 100–103.
4. Barbosa-García O., Ornelas-Soto N., Meneses-Nava M.A., Ramos-Ortiz G., Maldonado J.L., Pichardo-Molina J.L. Analysis of tequila extracts by solid phase extraction combined with ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Applied Industrial Optics: Spectroscopy, Imaging and Metrology. Tuscon, USA, 2010. doi: 10.1364/AIO.2010.ATuC5
5. Scherzer T. Depth profiling of the degree of cure during the photopolymerization of acrylates studied by real-time FT-IR attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 2002, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 1403–1412. doi: 10.1366/00037020260377698
6. Diessel E., Willmann S., Kamphaus P., Kurte R., Damm U., Heise H.M. Glucose quantification in dried-down nanoliter samples using mid-infrared attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 2004, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 442–450. doi: 10.1366/000370204773580293
7. Eikje N.S., Sota T., Aizawa K. Cutaneous approach towards clinical and pathophysiological aspects of hyperglycemia by ATR FTIR spectroscopy. Proceedings of SPIE – Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging, 2007, vol. 6628, art. 66281M. doi: 10.1117/12.728430.
8. Gao Z., Bremer P.J., Barker M.F., Tan E.W., McQuillan A.J. Adhesive secretions of live mussels observed in situ by attenuated total reflection–infrared spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 2007, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 55–59. doi: 10.1366/000370207779701398
9. Gulley-Stahl H.J., Bledsoe S.B., Evan A.P., Sommer A.J. The advantages of an attenuated total internal reflection infrared microspectroscopic imaging approach for kidney biopsy analysis. Applied Spectroscopy, 2010, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 15–22. doi: 10.1366/000370210792966161.
10. Kazarian S.G., Chan K.L.A. Micro- and macro- attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic imaging. Applied Spectroscopy, 2010, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 135A-152A. doi: 10.1366/000370210791211673
11. Goodall R.A., Hall J., Sharer R.J., Traxler L., Rintoul L., Fredericks P.M. Micro-attenuated total reflection spectral imaging in archaeology: application to Maya paint and plaster wall decorations. Applied Spectroscopy, 2008, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 10–16. doi: 10.1366/000370208783412627
12. Lee K.A., Rich D.C. Visible attenuated total reflection (ATR): a new technique for high-strength pigment analyses. Applied Spectroscopy, 2011, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 326–333. doi: 10.1366/10-06111.
13. Fatkhullina D., Zhukova E. Study of ink optical properties by ATR spectroscopy. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2013, vol. 1537, pp. 205–211. doi: 10.1063/1.4809713
14. Color High-Resolution Megapixel TV-Camera in Internal Shell. Model VEC-135. Available at: (accessed 22.03.2016).
15. Fatkhullina D.G. Investigation of the optical properties of the dye by spectroscopy of frustrated total internal reflection. Annotirovannyi Sbornik Nauchno-Issledovatel'skikh Vypusknykh Kvalifikatsionnykh Rabot Magistrov 2013 Universiteta ITMO [Collection of Research and Development Master's Dissertations of ITMO University]. St. Petersburg, 2013, pp. 320–323. (In Russian)
16. Fatkhullina D.G., Zhukova E.V., Margaryants N.B. Research of dye distribution heterogeneity in the surface layer of paper by FTIR spectroscopy. Proc. IX Int. Conf. on Optics 2015. St. Petersburg, 2013, pp. 681–682.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Copyright 2001-2023 ©
Scientific and Technical Journal
of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
All rights reserved.