DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2018-18-5-765-770


METHOD OF GAS-DISCHAGE VISUALIZATION FOR DETERMINATION OF PATHOLOGIES OF BIOLOGICAL TISSUES

K. A. Minosyants, E. N. Tumaev


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For citation: Minosyants K.A., Tumaev E.N. Method of gas-dischage visualization for determination of pathologies of biological tissues. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2018, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 765–770 (in Russian). doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2018-18-5-765-770

Abstract
Subject of Research.The paper presents the study of methods for recognition of pathologies of biological tissues based on the use of gas-discharge visualization process. At the same time, the choice of research method  determines the main differences in biological tissue characteristics, namely, its hypoxia, the rate of cell division and luminescence in a high-frequency electromagnetic field. Method. Six patients underwent gas-discharge visualization of basal cell carcinoma of the skin and a similar healthy site on the opposite side of the face. Photographs of bioptates in a high-frequency field were obtained, clearly representing the differences in the luminescence of affected and healthy tissue areas. A hypothesis was put forward and the dependence of the hypoxia level of biological objects with their luminescence in a high-frequency electromagnetic field was established. The luminescence areas of healthy and affected areas and the rate of their reproduction during anaerobic and aerobic glucose decay were calculated. Main Results. It is shown that at fixed temperature the division of cancer cells is much faster (by 4.6 times) than with normal metabolism in healthy tissues. At the same time, the areas of luminescence obtained from the images as a result of using a high-frequency electromagnetic field in the affected areas are two times greater than in the normal tissues. In this regard, we can speak about the influence of the fission process rate, namely hypoxia, on the cell membrane state, which is fixed by gas-discharge visualization. Practical Relevance. The obtained results can be used to create new safe and accessible methods for detection of pathologies of biological tissues, and, as a consequence, the application of  these processes in medical institutions

Keywords: gas-discharge visualization, biological tissues, glow in a high-frequency electric field, skin cancer, hypoxia level in cells

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