doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2021-21-5-626-632


Analyzing periodical textured silicon solar cells by the TCAD modeling 

J. Gulomov, R. Aliev


Read the full article  ';
Article in English

For citation:
Gulomov J., Aliev R. Analyzing periodical textured silicon solar cells by the TCAD modeling. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2021, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 626–632.
doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2021-21-5-626-632


Abstract
The most effective way to improve the optical properties of silicon-based solar cells is to form the textures on their surface. In this paper, the authors studied the influence of geometric sizes of periodical pyramidal textures, which are formed on the surface of a silicon-based solar cell, on its photoelectric properties. Through optics theories, it was determined that the angle at the base of the pyramid should be equal to 73°7ʹ12ʺ. But, using the Sentaurus TCAD program, it was found that the angle at the base of pyramid should be 70°21ʹ0ʺ, in order to reach the maximum efficiency. Because the model takes into account all the electric, optic and thermic properties of the solar cell. The modeling identified that the output power of the simple planar silicon-based solar cell was equal to 6.13 mW/cm2, the output power of the solar cell, which was covered with the pyramidal texture with height of 1.4 μm, was equal to 10.62 mW/cm2. It was found that the efficiency of the solar cell increases by 1.6 times, when it is covered with pyramids with the angle at the base of pyramid equal to 70°21ʹ0ʺ.

Keywords: texture, solar cell, pyramid, silicon, Ray Tracing, modeling

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful to the staff of the Renewable Energy Sources Laboratory at Andijan State University for their close assistance in writing this article

References
  1. Xu Y., Gong T., Munday J.N. The generalized Shockley-Queisser limit for nanostructured solar cells. Scientific Reports, 2015, vol. 5, pp. 13536. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep13536
  2. Wilson G., Al-Jassim M.M., Metzger W., Glunz S.W., Verlinden P., Gang X., Xiong G., Mansfield L.M., Stanbery B.J., Zhu K., Yan Y.F., Berry J.J., Ptak A.J., Dimroth F., Kayes B.M., Tamboli A.C., Peibst R., Catchpole K., Reese M.O., Klinga C.S., Denholm P., Morjaria M., Deceglie M.G., Freeman J.M., Mikofski M.A., Jordan D.C., TamizhMani G., Sulas-Kern D.B. The 2020 photovoltaic technologies roadmap. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2020, vol. 53, no. 49, pp. 493001 https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab9c6a
  3. Gu Y.Q., Xue C.R., Zheng M.L. Technologies to reduce optical losses of silicon solar cells. Advanced Materials Research, 2014, vol. 953–954, pp. 91–94. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.953-954.91
  4. Semenova O.V., Yuzova V.A., Patrusheva T.N., Merkushev F.F., Railko M.Y., Podorozhnyak S.A. Antireflection and protective films for silicon solar cells. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2014, vol. 66, pp. 012049. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/66/1/012049
  5. Bouhafs D., Moussi A., Chikouche A., Ruiz J.M. Design and simulation of antireflection coating systems for optoelectronic devices: Application to silicon solar cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 1998, vol. 52, no. 1-2, pp. 79–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0927-0248(97)00273-0
  6. Aliev R., Gulomov J., Abduvohidov M., Aliev S., Ziyoitdinov Z., Yuldasheva N. Stimulation of photoactive absorption of sunlight in thin layers of silicon structures by metal nanoparticles. Applied Solar Energy, 2020, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 364–370. https://doi.org/10.3103/S0003701X20050035
  7. Gulomov J., Aliev R., Mirzaalimov A., Mirzaalimov N., Kakhkhorov J., Rashidov B., Temirov S. Studying the effect of light incidence angle on photoelectric parameters of solar cells by simulation. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 2021, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 731–736. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.2021.36277
  8. Ma X., Liu Z., Liao H., Li J. Surface texturisation of monocrystalline silicon solar cells. Proc. of the Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC 2011), 2011, pp. 5748892. https://doi.org/10.1109/appeec.2011.5748892
  9. Gangopadhyay U., Kim K., Dhungel S.K., Basu P.K., Yi J. Low-cost texturization of large-area crystalline silicon solar cells using hydrazine mono-hydrate for industrial use. Renewable Energy, 2006, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 1906–1915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.10.002
  10. Han Y., Yu X., Wang D., Yang D. Formation of various pyramidal structures on monocrystalline silicon surface and their influence on the solar cells. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2013, pp. 716012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/716012
  11. Fang Z., Xu Z., Wang D., Huang S., Li H. The influence of the pyramidal texture uniformity and process optimization on monocrystalline silicon solar cells. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2020, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 6295–6303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03185-1
  12. Manzoor S., Filipič M., Onno A., Topič M., Holman Z.C. Visualizing light trapping within textured silicon solar cells. Journal of Applied Physics, 2020, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 063104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5131173
  13. Kwon S., Yi J., Yoon S., Lee J.S., Kim D. Effects of textured morphology on the short circuit current of single crystalline silicon solar cells: Evaluation of alkaline wet-texture processes. Current Applied Physics, 2009, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1310–1314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2008.12.014
  14. Dewan R., Marinkovic M., Noriega R., Phadke S., Salleo A., Knipp D. Light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells with submicron surface texture. Optics Express, 2009, vol. 17, no. 25, pp. 23058–23065. https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.17.023058
  15. Heidarzadeh H., Dolatyari M., Rostami G., Rostami A. Modeling of solar cell efficiency improvement using pyramid grating in single junction silicon solar cell. Proc. 2nd International Congress on Energy Efficiency and Energy Related Materials (ENEFM2014), 2015, pp. 61–67. Springer Proceedings in Energy. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16901-9_8


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Copyright 2001-2022 ©
Scientific and Technical Journal
of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
All rights reserved.

Яндекс.Метрика