doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2021-21-5-670-678

A study of the photocatalytic properties of chitosan-TiO2 composites for pyrene decomposition

D. A. Tatarinov, S. R. Sokolnikova, N. A. Myslitskaya

Read the full article  ';
Article in Russian

For citation:
Tatarinov D.A., Sokolnikova S.R., Myslitskaya N.A. A study of the photocatalytic properties of chitosan-TiO2 composites for pyrene decomposition. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2021, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 670–678 (in Russian). doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2021-21-5-670-678

 In this work, nano- and microcomposites of chitosan-TiO2 were developed for the photocatalytic decomposition of pyrene, which is one of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by laser ablation, and their sizes were determined using the photon correlation spectroscopy method. Nano- and microcomposites based on chitosan with different TiO2 particle contents were manufactured. The work studies the effect of nano- and microparticles of TiO2 in the composition of manufactured nanocomposites on the photodegradation of pyrene in model solutions of dimethyl sulfoxide under ultraviolet radiation. To assess the decrease in pyrene concentrations in solutions, the authors used the method of luminescent analysis. Based on the results of the conducted studies, pseudo-first-order kinetic graphs for pyrene degradation in solutions were plotted. The analysis proves the efficiency of the obtained chitosan-TiO2 composites for the photocatalytic decomposition of pyrene. In 60 minutes, 68 % and 55 % of pyrene were photodegraded under ultraviolet irradiation using chitosan-TiO2 composites with TiO2 nanoparticles and with TiO2 microparticles, respectively. The developed chitosan-TiO2 composites are prospective photocatalytic materials for the decomposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in aqueous media. The method of manufacturing composites does not require expensive equipment, and they are also convenient for performing photocatalytic reactions.

Keywords: chitosan composites, titanium dioxide nanoparticles, titanium dioxide microparticles, photocatalyst, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pyrene

1. Kalf D.F., Crommentuijn T., Van de Plassche E.J. Environmental quality objectives for 10 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 1997, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 89–97.
2. Kim K.-H., Jahan S.A., Kabir E., Brown R.J.C. A review of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their human health effects. Environment International, 2013, vol. 60, pp. 71–80.
3. Zhang L., Li P., Gong Z., Li X. Photocatalytic degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on soil surfaces using TiO2 under UV light. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2008, vol. 158, no. 2-3, pp. 478–484.
4. Watanabe T., Kojima E., Norimoto K., Saeki Y. Fabrication of TiO2 photocatalytic tile and its practical applications. Fourth Euro Ceramics, 1995, vol. 11, pp. 175–180.
5. Ramirez A.M., De Belie N. Application of TiO2 photocatalysis to cementitious materials for self-cleaning purposes. Applications of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis to Construction Materials, 2011, pp. 11–15.  
6. Nguyen V.-H., Phan Thi L.-A., Van Le Q., Singh P., Raizada P., Kajitvichyanukul P. Tailored photocatalysts and revealed reaction pathways for photodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water, soil and other sources. Chemosphere, 2020, vol. 260, pp. 127529.
7. Ireland J.C., Dávila B., Moreno H., Fink S.K., Tassos S. Heterogeneous photocatalytic decomposition of polyaromatic hydrocarbons over titanium dioxide. Chemosphere, 1995, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 965–984.
8. Dass S., Muneer M., Gopidas K. Photocatalytic degradation of wastewater pollutants. Titanium-dioxide-mediated oxidation of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 1994, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 83–88.
9. Wen S., Zhao J., Sheng G., Fu J., Peng P. Photocatalytic reactions of pyrene at TiO2/water interfaces. Chemosphere, 2003, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 111–119.
10. Pal B., Sharon M. Photodegradation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons over thin film of TiO2 nanoparticles; a study of intermediate photoproducts. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2000, vol. 160, no. 2, pp. 453–460.
11. Salihoglu N.K., Karaca G., Salihoglu G., Tasdemir Y. Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from municipal sludge using UV light. Desalination and Water Treatment, 2012, vol. 44, no. 1-3, pp. 324–333.
12. Djachuk O.A., Tkachenko A.V. The luminescence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on modified by surface-active agent cellulose. Proceedings of SPIE, 2008, vol. 6791, pp. 67910P.
13. Siripatrawan U., Kaewklin P. Fabrication and characterization of chitosan-titanium dioxide nanocomposite film as ethylene scavenging and antimicrobial active food packaging. Food Hydrocolloids, 2018, vol. 84, pp. 125–134.
14. Rinaudo M. Chitin and chitosan: Properties and applications. Progress in Polymer Science, 2006, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 603–632.
15. Jabli M., Baouab M.H.V., Roudesli M.S., Bartegi A. Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solution on a chitosan-cotton composite material prepared by a new pad-dry process. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 2011, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1–12.
16. Gerente C., Lee V.K.C., Le Cloirec P., McKay G. Application of chitosan for the removal of metals from wastewaters by adsorption - Mechanisms and models review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 2007, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 41–127.
17. Tatarinov D., Sokolnikova S., Myslitskaya N. Solid-phase luminescence of pyrene in chitosan adsorbents. Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering, 2020, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 010305.
18. Singh S.C., Swarnkar R.K., Gopal R. Synthesis of titanium dioxide nanomaterial by pulsed laser ablation in water. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2009, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 5367–5371.
19. Siuzdak K., Sawczak M., Klein M., Nowaczyk G., Jurga S., Cenian A. Preparation of platinum modified titanium dioxide nanoparticles with the use of laser ablation in water. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2014, vol. 16, no. 29, pp. 15199–15206.
20. HORIBA Instruments Incorporated. Fluorolog-3. Operation Manual. 2014.
21. Currie L.A., Svehla G. Nomenclature for the presentation of results of chemical analysis (IUPAC Recommendations 1994). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1994, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 595–608.
22. Lasa H.D., Serrano B., Salaices M. Novel photocatalytic reactors for water and air treatment. Photocatalytic Reaction Engineering, Springer, 2005, pp. 17–47.
23. Maira A.J., Yeung K.L., Lee C.Y., Yue P.L., Chan C.K. Size effects in gas-phase photo-oxidation of trichloroethylene using nanometer-sized TiO2 catalysts. Journal of Catalysis, 2000, vol. 192, no. 1, pp. 185–196.
24. Shih Y.-H., Lin C.-H. Effect of particle size of titanium dioxide nanoparticle aggregates on the degradation of one azo dye. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2012, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1652–1658.
25. Rogacheva S.M., Volkova E.V., Otradnova M.I., Gubina T.I., Shipovskaya A.B. Solvent effect on the solid-surface fluorescence of pyrene on cellulose diacetate matrices. International Journal of Optics, 2018, vol. 2018, pp. 3012081.
26. Tatarinov D., Sokolnikova S., Myslitskaya N. Applying of chitosan-TiO2 nanocomposites for photocatalytic degradation of anthracene and pyrene. Journal of Biomedical Photonics & Engineering, 2021, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 010301.
27. Soni H., Kumar N., Patel K., Kumar N.R. Investigation on the heterogeneous photocatalytic remediation of pyrene and phenanthrene in solutions using nanometer TiO2 under UV irradiation. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, 2020, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 257–267.
28. Soni H., Kumar J.I.N., Patel K., Kumar R.N. Photocatalytic decoloration of three commercial dyes in aqueous phase and industrial effluents using TiO2 nanoparticles. Desalination and Water Treatment, 2016, vol. 57, no. 14, pp. 6355–6364.
29. Saloot M.K., Borghei S.M., Shirazi R.H.S.M. Evaluation of the photo-catalytic degradation of pyrene using Fe-doped TiO2 in presence of UV. Desalination and Water Treatment, 2019, vol. 169, pp. 232–240.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Copyright 2001-2022 ©
Scientific and Technical Journal
of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics.
All rights reserved.