doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2022-22-2-262-268

Lightweight approach for malicious domain detection using machine learning

G. Pradeepa, R. Devi

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Pradeepa G., Devi R. Lightweight approach for malicious domain detection using machine learning. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2022, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 262–268. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2022-22-2-262-268


The web-based attacks use the vulnerabilities of the end users and their system and perform malicious activities such as stealing sensitive information, injecting malwares, redirecting to malicious sites without their knowledge. Malicious website links are spread through social media posts, emails and messages. The victim can be an individual or an organization and it creates huge money loss every year. Recent Internet Security report states that 83 % of systems in the internet are infected by the malware during the last 12 months due to the users who do not aware of the malicious URL (Uniform Resource Locators) and its impacts. There are some methods to detect and prevent the access malicious domain name in the internet. Blacklist-based approaches, heuristic-based methods, and machine/deep learning-based methods are the three categories. This study provides a machine learning-based lightweight solution to classify malicious domain names. Most of the existing research work is focused on increasing the number of features for better classification accuracy. But the proposed approach uses fewer number of features which include lexical, content based, bag of words, popularity features for malicious domain classification. Result of the experiment shows that the proposed approach performs better than the existing one.

Keywords: machine learning, lexical features, malicious domain, support vector, random forest, feature selection, cyber security

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