DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2015-15-3-398-404


HIGH-PRECISION DETERMINATION OF THE ANGULAR POSITION FOR POINT LIGHT SOURCE WITH CCD-ARRAYS

E. G. Lebedko, E. N. Zvereva, V. T. Nguen


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For citation: Lebedko E.G., Zvereva E.N., Nguyen Vu Tung. Нigh-precision determination of the angular position for point light source with CCD-arrays. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2015, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 398–404.

Abstract
Subject of study. A method of angular position measuring for point light source in the system with CCD arrays is proposed by converting of angle – time – code in low light conditions and at high signal / noise ratio. Assessment of the method potential accuracy is given. It is determined by instrumental irremovable random errors of measurement in terms of optimal processing of incoming information with a single reading it with CCD – arrays. Method. This work introduces an optoelectronic system circuit with CCD arrays with stretched sensing elements and a point of reference for angular position measuring. In this case the arrays have images projections of both the reference point source and the target point source, which angular position is measured with high precision. From the CCD array output the signals arrive at an optimal (or apt) linear filter, and then to the signal peak position detection circuit. The scheme provides minimum error due to the influence of noise. Pulse edges, corresponding to the signals maximum, make a time interval filled with high-frequency counting pulses. The number of pulses in this interval will correspond to the measured angular position of the target point source. Main results. Analysis of random errors has been carried out in terms of statistical decision theory. Analysis takes into account the spectral function of the signals defined by transfer functions of the optical system and a CCD array as an image analyzer. Research of measurement accuracy is carried out depending on the clock frequency of reading information from CCD arrays for different values of signal-to-noise ratio. It has been shown that even with a single readout with CCD array by the proposed opto-electronic circuit measuring error does not exceed 0.01 of the sensing element size. Practical significance. The results are usable in high-precision measuring opto-electronic systems of star sensors for determining the angular position of the low-power point light sources.

Keywords: point source angular position, potential accuracy of point source angular position measurement, signal spectral function at the receiver output

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