doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2015-15-6-1021-1029


SUBJOULE DIODE-PUMPED YTTERBIUM-ERBIUM GLASS LASER WITH CAVITY DUMPING FOR CATARACT EXTRACTION

A. V. Belikov, S. V. Gagarsky, A. B. Gubin, S. Y. Weiner, A. N. Sergeev, N. S. Smirnov


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For citation: Belikov A.V., Gagarsky S.V., Gubin A.B., Weiner S.Ya., Sergeev A.N., Smirnov S.N. Subjoule diode-pumped ytterbiumerbium glass laser with cavity dumping for cataract extraction. Scientific and Technical Journal of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, 2015, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1021–1029.

Abstract
Subject of Study. The paper discusses the breadboarding results of compact diode pumped laser. The laser is based on Yb,Er:glass slab active element and frustrated total internal reflection (FTIR) shutter and features of the impact of generated pulses at the water-containing media. The transmitter working in cavity dumping mode provides generation of single microsecond pulses or regular trains of these pulses with peak power up to 100 kW and average output power up to 8 W. The laser allows varying output parameters of radiation in wide range and is designed for the usage in technology and biomedical applications. The possibilities of the laser radiation parameters adapting for application in a compact laser cataract extraction complex are examined. Method. The energy efficient for three level active medium method of lasing pulses repetition rate increasing was investigated, which comprises the generation of pulse trains by several FTIR shutter switching on one pump pulse. We carried out analysis of application possibility for microsecond laser pulses with peak power of tens of kilowatts at wavelength of 1,54 μm in the processing of water-containing tissues. The acoustic response on the interaction of radiation with a model environment was studied. Main Results. In the modulation mode of useful (active) losses lasing pulses have been obtained with microsecond duration and energy more than 100 mJ and trains of pulses with total energy of 0,5 J at the effective pulse repetition rate of more than 50 Hz. The minimal permissible period of laser pulses in train (300 μs) has been established experimentally on the basis of optoacoustic studies. It meets the criteria of operation noninvasiveness consisting in prevention of the risk of posterior lens capsule damage with laser radiation. Practical Relevance. The results obtained with the layout of diode pumped Yb,Er:glass laser with cavity dumping and slab active element are presently record for diode-pumped transmitters generating at the wavelength of 1.54 μm. The measurement results of acoustic response to the impact of light action in a previously unexplored range of light pulses parameters obtained in experiment are useful in assessing application effectiveness of various radiation sources for the treatment of biological tissue.

Keywords: Yb,Er:glass laser, diode pumping, frustrated total internal reflection (FTIR) shutter, cataract, acoustic response

Acknowledgements. The authors express their gratitude to S.Yu. Kopaev, senior researcher of the department of eye lens surgery and intraocular correction of FSBI «IRTC «Eye microsurgery» named after Academician S.N. Fedorov» of the Russian Public Health Ministry for providing samples of cataract lenses and discussion of results.

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