DOI: 10.17586/2226-1494-2020-20-4-472-484


УДК004

ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ БЛОКЧЕЙН В СЕТЯХ 5G

Беззатеев С.В., Федоров И.Р.


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Язык статьи - русский

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Беззатеев С.В., Федоров И.Р. Технология блокчейн в сетях 5G // Научно-технический вестник информационных технологий, механики и оптики. 2020. Т. 20. № 4. С. 472–484. doi: 10.17586/2226-1494-2020-20-4-472-484


Аннотация
В связи с бурным развитием мобильных сетей и ростом подключенных к ним устройств различного типа обеспечение целостности и конфиденциальности передаваемых данных становится первостепенной задачей. Появление криптовалюты повлекло за собой возобновление интереса к технологии блокчейн и возможности ее использования в различных областях. В статье рассмотрены существующие в настоящий момент способы применения технологии блокчейн в сетях 5G с целью решения проблем безопасности, сетевого взаимодействия и повышения производительности, а также для разработки новых направлений, расширяющих возможности сервисов и приложений в сетях пятого поколения. Представлен анализ современных исследовательских работ по интеграции технологии блокчейн и ключевых технологий, применяющихся в мобильных сетях пятого поколения. Особое внимание уделено вариантам применения технологии блокчейн в облачных и граничных вычислениях, программно-определяемых сетях, виртуализации сетевых функций, 5G-слайсинге и прямом взаимодействии устройств. Основываясь на материалах, представленных в обзоре, перечислены возможности, которые технология блокчейн может предоставить мобильным сетям и сервисам 5G за счет использования децентрализованной архитектуры и алгоритма умного контракта. Основное внимание в материалах предлагаемого обзора уделено трем основным аспектам: повышению безопасности передаваемой информации, повышению производительности системы и управлению ресурсами. Статья может быть полезна специалистам и научным сотрудникам, работающим в области информационной безопасности мобильных сетей пятого поколения, а также для экспертов в сфере технологии блокчейн в качестве актуального обзора различных вариантов применения технологии блокчейн в сетях пятого поколения.

Ключевые слова: блокчейн, мобильные сети, 5G, безопасность, децентрализация, облачные вычисления

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