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Editor-in-Chief

**Nikiforov**

Vladimir O.

D.Sc., Prof.

Vladimir O.

D.Sc., Prof.

Partners

**Summaries of the Issue**

### OPTICAL AND OPTICAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. OPTICAL TECHNOLOGIES

OPTICAL SYSTEM OF VARIABLE MAGNIFICATION IN THE MICROSCOPE LIGHTING APPLIANCE
Tatiana V. Tochilina

1

Efficiency analysis of the light flow use in the optical system lighting appliance of modern microscope was
done. It is shown that parameters of observational and lighting branches of the microscope can be coordinated by
including variable magnification system in the optical system of lighting appliance that will allow to increase
tenfold the efficiency of the light flow use. A new approach to the construction of the optical system lighting
appliance is necessary. Possible variants of such systems are considered, analytical correlations, defining the size
of its components, are obtained.

COMPUTATION OF OPTICAL CHANNEL WAVEGUIDE WITH ARBITRARY REFRACTIVE INDEX ALLOCATION USING B-SPLINE METHOD
Gennady Deineka, Vladlena Serebryakova

6

The universal strategy of parameters computation for channel optical waveguide with arbitrary refractive index
distribution is presented in this work. All calculations are performed from the first principle of reduced wave
equation (Helmholtz’s equation). The algorithm is based on the finite elements method using B-splines.
Calculation results for channel waveguide with defined index profile and various geometrical configurations are
represented as well. The comparison of the obtained results with the results by the known numerical methods is
given too in this article.

### PHOTONICS AND OPTICAL INFORMATICS

THIRD HARMONIC GENERATION AT REFLECTION FROM CRYSTAL OF HIGH-INTENSITY FEMTOSECOND RADIATION
Olga Mokhnatova, Putilin Sergey E, Bespalov Viktor G, Kozlov Sergei A

11

Experimental results of the reflection of femtosecond radiation with a power density of 4 TWt/cm2 and duration
of ~ 40 fs from nonlinear crystal of LiF at light falling to medium boundary close to normal were presented. The
generation of triple frequency radiation was observed at the reflection from the front face of the crystal. Spatial
distributions of triple frequency beam and fundamental beam were recorded. Energy of triple frequency radiation
was 10-4 of the energy of the incident radiation. Half-width of light beam spatial distribution on the triple
frequency radiation happens to be three times narrower than fundamental beam half-width.

### DESIGN AND SIMULATION IN AVIONICS

AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT OF THE AIRCRAFT AVIONICS
Yury Esin, Paramonov Pavel P, Yury Sabo

15

The information-model approach to automated control system development of the avionic navigating complexes
is considered. Control functional diagram and the results of modeling are presented.

MEASUREMENT ERRORS MODELING OF ONBOARD NAVIGATION DEVICES
Dmitry Kozis, Zharinov Oleg O, Suslov Vladimir D

18

The article deals with the approach to measurement errors modeling of onboard navigation systems on the basis
of recursive generating filters application, definitely transforming white noise in an interference with the given
correlation-spectral properties.

CRATE CREATION STRATEGY OF THE ONBOARD MULTIPROCESSING COMPUTING SYSTEM FOR THE FIFTH GENERATION AVIONICS
Zharinov Oleg O, Boris Vidin, Ruben Shek-Iovsepjantz

21

Creation strategy of the onboard digital computing system in a structure class of the integrated modular avionics
is considered. Significant architectural attributes are defined. The model of computing system resources and
three-stage hierarchical semicircle model are considered. Decomposition method of onboard computing system
functional problems and their assignment for accessible computing resources are considered.

### ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS

RESTORATION OF NOISY IMAGES BLURRED ANGULARLY WITHOUT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
Marya Dayneko, Sizikov Valery S

28

We consider the reconstruction problem of noisy images blurred angularly in this paper. We use an algorithm on the
basis of the quadrature method and Tikhonov regularization method for such image restoration. For blurred image
reconstruction the new truncation method and edge blurring method without “boundary conditions” are proposed.

33

The parametric identification process of the high torque gearless precision electric drive used in the telescope
axis rotating system is described. As a result the parameters of electric drive mathematical model were generated
making it possible to approximate mathematical model features to control object features.

DYNAMIC OBSERVATION OF NON-LINEAR BINARY DYNAMIC SYSTEM
Ushakov Anatoly Vladimirovich, Elena S. Yaitskaya

38

The dynamic observation concept transfer developed with reference to the discrete systems over infinite fields to
the systems over finite binary Galois fields. Authors have concentrated the attention to dynamic observing
realization over a condition of non–linear binary dynamic systems (BDS) taking into account decision practice of
this problem for linear BDS case. The task is dared in three stages: linearization of nonlinear BDS, formation of
dynamic observing process of linearized BDS and observing division over a condition of initial nonlinear BDS.
The example is supplied.

### MECHANICS AND MECHATRONICS

DEFINITION OF THE STEADY STATE VIBRATION ISOLATION SYSTEMS WITH TWO DEGREES OF FREEDOM
Ivanov Sergey E

44

For research of vibration isolation systems a qualitative and quantitative analysis of corresponding mathematical
models is necessary. The system of the ordinary differential equations is taken as a model which includes
nonlinear characteristics in the form of polynomials from phase variables with constant and periodic parameters.
The method of polynomial transformations is used in the analysis of nonlinear vibration isolation systems which
allows gaining detailed enough qualitative and quantitative dynamic characteristics of systems.

CONTACT INTERACTION ANALYSIS IN THE MICROMECHANICAL GYROSCOPES
Evstifeev Michail I., Rozentsvein Dmitriy

46

Micromechanical gyroscopes applications on the highly dynamic objects with the significant inertia impact loads
are examined. It is shown that such impacts lead to contact interactions of the construction elements. The results
of deformation and strain calculation were derived for elastic suspension under the condition contact interaction
between stoppers and inertial body. Stoppers configuration was designed based on strength criterion grounds for
elastic suspension.

### THERMAL PHYSICS AND THEORETICAL HEAT ENGINEERING

THERMAL ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS ON PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
Gavriil Biryulin, Vladimir I. Egorov , Svyatoslav Yu. Murov

51

We developed new finite differences algorithm for calculating the temperature of electronic component housings
mounted on printed circuit board. The results have been compared with a similar program, which implements
analytical method.

### MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY AND NANOTECHNOLOGIES

INVESTIGATION OF LANTHANUM GALLATES BY X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS
Olga Pshenko, Lyubov Pyankova

56

The work deals with the study of phase composition of poorly-type semiconductors - Lanthanum Gallates
Perovskite (LaGaO3) doped with a touch of Co3+ (up to 10%) by X-ray diffraction analysis. Comparative analysis
of X-ray pictures shows that cobalt impurity concentration growth in the mixed crystals LaGaСохO3 leads to
insufficient deformation of cubic crystal lattice with the decrease of elementary cell parameter by 0, 03 nm.
Nevertheless, in Lanthanum gallates the local symmetry decrease is possible and it becomes apparent on X-ray
pictures as diffraction maximum splitting.

ION LITHOGRAPHY APPLICATION FOR NANOSCALE CHANNEL FORMATION IN GLASS MICROFLUID CHIPS
Anatoly Evstrapov, Ivan Mukhin, Kukhtevich Igor V, Anton Bukatin

59

Etching processes of K8 glass with gold, carbon and chrome coatings are investigated. It is shown that the
minimal reproducible size of focused ion etching micro channel is 40 nm. Experimental microfluid chip
prototype with nanochannels for biological probes fixation and investigation are obtained.

PROBE FOR SCANNING ION-CONDUCTANCE MICROSCOPY
Alexander Golubok, Vadim Levichev, Victor Matyzhonok, Alexander Stovpyaga

64

The piezoelectric sensor for scanning probe microscope with a probe in the form of a glass micropipette for
scanning ion-conductance microscopy has been made. Resonant frequency and Q-quality of the sensor have been
measured in the air and liquid environments. Nanotip has been created for spatial resolution improvement of a
microprobe by means of the focused ion beam at a pipette butt end. Using a test grid, the spatial resolution of a
microprobe with nanotip is shown. The conclusion about an opportunity of using the sensor with a micropipette
in the liquid environment with simultaneous activity in semi contact force mode and in a mode of measurement
of ionic currents has been made.

MICRO- AND NANOMODIFICATION OF A METAL LAYER ON A POLYMERIC SUBSTRATE IN DYNAMIC AND STATIC FORCE LITHOGRAPHY MODE
Alexander Pinaev, Alexander Golubok

67

The surface of Au 20 nm thickness film on a polycarbonate substrate has been modified by dynamic force
lithography (DFL) method. The ~ 100nm spatial resolution has been obtained. It is shown that the spatial
resolution of a method is defined by radius of used probes. The optimum mode at which the W probe completely
cuts a metal film is defined. The factors influencing the process of surface modification by DFL method are
discussed. The two-dimensional diffraction lattice with ~500 nm spatial period has been made. The lattice
structure has been studied by means of the scanning semicontact force microscopy, scanning electron
microscopy and optical confocal microscopy. The conclusion on creation possibility of nanoelectronic,
nanophotonic and nanosensoric elements in metal-polymeric systems by DFL method has been made.

### COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

MATROIDAL REPRESENTATION FOR THE ADJACENCY GRAPHS FAMILY BUILT ON A SET OF KNOWLEDGE PATTERNS
Vsevolod Oparin, Andrey A. Filchenkov , Sirotkin Alexander Vladimirovich

73

The paper considers a problem appeared in machine learning of uncertain knowledge patterns bases represented as algebraic Bayesian networks. The problem is to build an adjacency graph as a representation of a global (secondary) structure of such a network using its primary structure. Under the given primary structure of an algebraic Bayesian network, the corresponding adjacency graphs family can be characterized with a special matroid. It leads to further results: the sets of minimal adjacency graphs and non-reducible join graphs are equal; a minimal adjacency graph can be built with a greedy algorithm; the vertices number of minimal adjacency graph can be expressed with the vertices number of maximal adjacency graph and the matroid rank.

PACKAGE OF SEMIFORMALIZED MODELS OF IMITATING MODELING SYSTEM
Ekaterina Malysheva, Sergey Goldstein

77

The article is devoted to creation of conceptual, structural model and updating of algorithmic models of imitating
modeling system. The purpose of modeling is consulting support during the problem situations in the
organization activity.

CODE SCALES ON THE BASIS OF NONLINEAR SEQUENCES FOR CONVERTERS OF ANGULAR MOVEMENTS
Ozhiganov Aleхander A., Pavel Pribytkin

81

Construction approach of one-track code scales is considered on the basis of nonlinear binary sequences for
converters of angular movements. An example of scale construction with the offered method is given.

SPECIAL VLSI FOR VIDEO DATA CONVERSION
Alexander Umbitaliev, Nikolay Shipilov, Salekh Ibatullin, Fahmi Shakeeb S

84

The new approach to distribution of a compression video content with simultaneous use of two alternative
compression technologies of moving images is considered: 1) on the basis of three-dimensional discrete cosine
transformation (this technology is not standardized for today) and 2) on the basis of two-dimensional discrete
cosine transformation of the digital television signal (realized in standards MPEG-2, MPEG-4 and Н.264).
Within the limits of the specified approach the method of fast transcoding of the main video data stream
compressed by three-dimensional discrete cosine technology of transformation in a compression stream of
MPEG-2 standard is proposed.

AUTOMATIC SUMMARY NEWS ABSTRACTING
Sergey Tarasov

88

A review of modern methods and algorithms of summary abstracting is given. The main disadvantages of these
methods are substantiated. Requirements for a method that could overcome these shortcomings are
described. The method developed by the author for thematically related ranking to automatic summary
abstracting is considered in the article. As the effectiveness evidence of the developed method, experimental
evaluation results of the obtained summary abstracts quality are described.

### BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

NUMERICAL MODELING OF VENA CAVA FILTER PLACEMENT AND ITS EFFECT ON HAEMODYNAMICS
Yury Ivanov, Tatyana Dobroserdova

94

Modeling of blood vascular system is a wide field for scientific efforts and includes a large number of aspects. In
this regard it is reasonable to investigate separately the vascular wall structure and its response to deformation.
We implement the fiber model based on biological features of vascular wall structure, suggested by Charles
Peskin [6]. We consider the model calibration issue with special input data - equations of vessel state. The main
part of the work we devote to interaction of elastic fiber model and global blood circulation model. Models
interaction makes it possible to research an effect of vena cava filter placement on haemodynamics.

COMPUTATIONAL ASPECTS OF TUBERCULOSIS SPREAD SIMULATION
Vasiliy N. Leonenko, Konstantin Loginov

99

Performance increasing approaches of the modeling program for individual-based model of tuberculosis spread
are considered in the paper. The computational algorithms optimization process and also the usage of distributed
computing based on MONC system and parallel computations based on OpenMP technology are described. The
results of computational experiments are listed.

### NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR THE EXTRACTION OF LEARNING OUTCOMES FROM THE EXCESSIVE EDUCATION CONTENT
Vladimir N. Vasiliev, Liubov S. Lysitsina, Alexander Shehonin

104

A conceptual model for a two-step extraction of learning outcomes (LO) and their competencies from the
excessive content of education is given. The basic methodology for constructing models of the hierarchy of LO
and the educational process at their base are described. The effective approaches for the application of basic
techniques, allowing to specify the activities in the competence based on macrotrajectory between LO, and to
carry out a phased development of the elementary (indivisible) LO are considered. The connection between the
proposed models with the structure and implementation plan of modular educational programs is shown.

### FROM THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE

THE ORIGIN OF OPTICAL PRODUCTION IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA (I. Ya. URLAUB FACTORY OF OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS)
Nadezhda Kamenskaya

109

The article discusses the problems associated with the emergence of optical production in Russia in the late XIX
- early XX centuries in terms of post-reform economy. These problems were not adequately described in
literature. This article is intended for everyone interested in the history of the origin of domestic optical industry.

113

The article deals with the problems devoted to skilled workers training for the Russian industry in the late XIX –
early XX centuries in the post-reform economy conditions. Empire Russian Technical Society paid much
attention to those problems and organized three meetings. The article is aimed for everyone interested in the
history of professional domestic education in Russia.

### BRIEF REPORTS

SELECTION AND ANALYSIS METHODS FOR KEY PARAMETERS OF LOW-LEVEL MULTISPECTRAL SYSTEMS FOR VISIBLE AND SHORT-WAVE INFRARED RANGES
Ekaterina Yarotskaya

117

This brief report gives an account of the primary results of multispectral systems for visible and short-wave infrared ranges research.

IMAGE LINEAR SHIFTS AND ROTATION ANGLE ESTIMATION FOR ELECTRONIC OPTICAL SYSTEM MOVEMENT RELATIVELY TO OBSERVABLE SCENE
Alexander Polyakov, Victor Treskov, Vladimir Demidov

118

Proposed estimation method allows to accurately calculating linear shifts and rotation angle between two consequent frames, obtained by electronic optical system moving relatively to observable static scene.

OPTICAL-ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS FOR INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS MONITORING ACCORDING TO THEIR ELEMENTS POSITION
Mikheev Sergei V., Konstantin Arakantsev, Tatiana Kopylova

119

The schemes of the optical-electronic system construction for industrial buildings monitoring are investigated. The system consists of television channel set with overlaying angular fields and active markers of the checkpoints.

MULTIPLEX HOLOGRAMS ON PHOTO-THERMO-REFRACTIVE GLASS
Andrey Zlatov, Yuri Korzinin, Nikonorov Nikolay V.

120

Feasibility of making multiplex phase volume holograms based on the silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass has been considered.

THERMAL TREATMENT INFLUENCE ON REFRACTIVE INDEX OF PHASE VOLUME HOLOGRAMS BASED ON SILICATE PHOTO-THERMO-REFRACTIVE GLASS
Andrey Zlatov, Ivanov Sergei A , Maksim Prikazov, Yuri Korzinin, Nikonorov Nikolay V.

121

Modulation magnitude dependence of the first harmonic of refractive index of volume phase holograms based on the silicate photo-thermo-refractive glass after thermal treatment has been investigated.

IMPLICATION AND EQUIVALENCE AS A BASIS FOR VERIFICATION
Nemolochnov Oleg F., Anatoly Zykov, Vladimir I. Polyakov

122

The article deals with implication and equivalence functions used for verification of logical circuits and software products in the course of their design and implementation.

EVALUATION OF SPORTSMAN COMPETITION PREPAREDNESS BASED ON GAS DISCHARGE VISUALIZATION METHOD
Velichko Elena Nikolaevna

123

Extrapolation function for competition preparedness prediction based on gas discharge visualization method investigation of sportsmen is presented.