Summaries of the Issue
OPTICAL AND OPTICAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. OPTICAL TECHNOLOGIES
OPTICAL SPECTRAL TECHNOLOGIES APPLICATION FOR CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTICS OF BLEACHING WORKS IN THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY Nikolay P. Belov, Prokopenko Victor T., Sherstobitova Alexandra S., Yaskov Andrey D.
The article deals with optical methods, control and diagnostics means of bleaching works in the pulp and paper industry using chlorinated whitens. Results of laboratory studies in visible region of wavelengths of cellulose diffuse reflectance R and parameter of whiteness B against the expenditure of chlorinated whiten and continuance of bleaching process are represented. Spectral data of diffuse reflectance are compared with the ultraviolet absorption in aqueous solutions of residual lignins. Algorithms of optical spectral technologies application for optimization of pulp bleaching works are substantiated. Results of industrial tests of optical spectral sensor of whiteness in Kotlas Pulp and Paper Mill bleaching manufacture are represented.
REMOTE LASER IDENTIFICATION OF THE BUILDING MATERIAL TYPE Maria Belyaeva , Trofimov Vladimir A.
Features of the fiber-optic method for remote identification of material type with a fiber ytterbium laser are described; the feasibility is shown to determine the basic building materials type by the spectrograms of plasma torch originating at affecting of laser radiation on the surface of the test materials; the ability of the identification process automation is analyzed.
DYNAMIC PARAMETERS OPTIMIZATION FOR TRIGGER TYPE OPTICAL PROBE Majorov Evgeniy E., Prokopenko Victor T., Larisa Ushveridze
The article deals with a way of the influence minimization of the speckle modulation in the trigger type optical probes on the output. The issue of discrete data acquisition is analyzed. Correlation function measurements of the output signal envelope at several arbitrary points on the surface of the object are done. Obtained results are of great practical importance for the trigger type optical probe.
OPTICAL CONTROL IN THE QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF PISTON RINGS PRODUCTION Aram Arustamyan, Vladimir Maslov, Vladimir Minakov
Spectral characteristics experimental study of the object position reflection (bucket of molten metal) by X-Rite spectrophotometer (Switzerland) is done, the possibility of spectral characteristics representing by linearharmonic functions with enough metrological accuracy class is proved.
ROBOTIC DEFECTOSCOPE FOR DIAGNOSTIC OF PIPELINES STATE Sergey N. Somov, Maxim A. Polyashov, Pyrkin Anton Alexandrovich
A robotic complex for diagnosing the condition of pipelines and welded joints is presented. The structure of the complex includes a robotic delivery vehicle, a sensor made by the technology of phased antenna arrays with electromagnetic-acoustic converters and a remote-control system. Distinctive features of the developed complex are diagnostics without prior cleaning of the tested metal surface of the pipeline and an automated remote control of the flaw detector by wireless communication channel.
FUNCTIONAL-STRUCTURAL SYNTHESIS OF A SYSTEM FOR COLLECTION AND PROCESSING OF INFORMATION ON SPACE VEHICLES TECHNICAL CONDITION Shestopalova O. L.
On the example of synthesis of structure of two-level distributed system of collection and pro-cessing of information on technical condition of space vehicles in the course of their life cycle, a state-ment is given of the problem of formation of the information system target state. An approach to imple-mentation of the concept of functional-structural synthesis of complex systems based on solution of mul-ti-criteria discrete programming problem is used. Composition and dimensions of generalized vectors of structural parameters of the system and its elements are specified. Expressions for estimating the prob-lem dimensionality are presented. It is concluded that a special technique of reduced iteration of infor-mation system variants is necessary to be applied.
Комплексный метод автоматизированного проектирования двухзвенных ступеней с осерадиальным рабочим колесом центробежных компрессоров
ESTIMATION OF THE PREVALENCE OF TYPES OF DISTRIBUTION LAWS BASED ON THE ENTROPY COEFFICIENT VALUE Lazarev V. L.
Results of studies of the "prevalence" of distribution laws in practice are presented. The basis of the studies is the entropy coefficient for parameters of various objects and processes. Inconsistency of the approach based on "total" approximation of the real distribution laws by the normal law when con-ducting research and organizing the management of objects of different nature is substantiated. It is ar-gued that accounting for variability of the analyzed parameter in the form of the entropy coefficient of a real distribution law increases the adequacy of descriptions of uncertainty states, which, in turn, affects the effectiveness of research and decision-making. It makes the methods and technologies of the theory of entropy potentials very convenient and useful "tools" for solving such problems in question. The theory potentialities allow monitoring and organization of control of uncertainty states of complex systems. The use of obtained results makes it possible to quickly assess the dominance of specific types of distribution laws in different situations when solving monitoring and control problems using the entropy approach.
Исследован процесс механического полирования селенида цинка с использованием в качестве полирующего материала водно-гликолевой суспензии алмазов: монокристаллического АСМ и поликристаллического RDDM. На основании полученных результатов разработана методика механического полирования ZnSe, позволяющая получать шероховатость 0,227 нм, при этом отклонение в форме поверхности не превышает одного кольца.
Peptide-polysaccharide complexes of kelp slime, marshmallow root, flax seed Alla P. Nechiporenko, Minevich I.E., Nechiporenko U., Sitnikova Vera E, Gromova D.A.
Infrared spectroscopy of frustrated total internal reflection (IR spectroscopy of FTIR) was used to study the peptide-polysaccharide complexes obtained by water extraction of mucus for 120 min at 40–45°C, followed by precipitation with three times excess of ethanol, isopropyl alcohol of varying concentrations (23–67%), and trichloroacetic acid (3%) from dry powdered samples of thalli of kelp, marshmallow root, and whole seed of different flax varieties of national selection. Regardless of the type of raw materials, the nature of the mucus produced by the plant (intercellular, intracellular, and membrane), the nature of the precipitator and fractionation (marshmallow root) during the deposition of protein-polysaccharide complexes, a single structured band was observed in the area of protein components (1750–1500 cm-1) in the spectra of all samples of polysaccharide extracts and purified polysaccharide complexes, characterizing the peptide structure of the protein component as a part of a polysaccharide matrix. The position of the strip maximum at about 1600 cm-1 and its shape determines rather the species than the varietal difference of the studied raw materials, associated with the length of the polypeptide chains. The stability of peptide-polysaccharide structures under varying conditions of their isolation and drying temperature indicates the prospects of their use for the purpose depending on the length of the peptide chains and their amino acid composition in food technologies, medicine, cosmetology, and pharmacology.
Research in Biped Robot Platform Oscillation Islam A. Bzhikhatlov, Gromov Vladislav S.
В обзоре рассмотрен вопрос, почему нужно изучать механизмы действия и учитывать метаболизм микробиоты в организме человека, и какую роль играет питание в изменении микробного биоразнообразия кишечника. Рассматривается взаимосвязь между здоровьем человека, его питанием и состоянием кишечной микрофлоры. Уделено внимание повышению разнообразия микробиома, определены требования к рациону питания. Определена роль микробиоты кишечника в патогенезе ряда заболеваний. Сделан вывод о перспективности изучения и коррекции микробиоты кишечника с помощью диетических моделей и конкретных пищевых компонентов.
PHOTONICS AND OPTOINFORMATIСS
ANALYSIS OF INTERFEROMETER DATA PROCESSING METHODS IN SPECTRAL OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ТОМОГРАФИИ Gurov Igor P, Kirakozov Alexander H
Comparative analysis is performed applied to the two methods of tomography images reconstruction in spectral optical coherence tomography: conventional method based on inverse Fourier transformation and logarithmic transformation method. Advantages of the logarithmic transformation method are shown expressed in obtaining images of higher quality due to elimination of distortions introduced by accompanying non-informative components of interferometer signals in spectral optical coherence tomography.
RECONSTRUCTION OF DIGITAL FOURIER HOLOGRAM IN CASE OF NYQUIST FREQUENCY EXCESS Anton Grebenyuk , Konstantin Grebenyuk , Vladimir Ryabukho
Experimental investigation of registration peculiarities of digital Fourier holograms in case of Nyquist frequency excess has been carried out. It has been shown, that exceeding of Nyquist frequency by carrier frequency of the hologram leads not to disappearance of the reconstructed image, but to gradual decrease of image intensity, which indicates decrease of hologram diffraction efficiency.
The results of small displacements determination of objects surface by digital holography method are presented. The process of digital holograms recording and phase information reconstruction from the holograms are considered. Measurement accuracy of the normal surface displacement of an object while using two methods of the zero-order diffraction removing is compared with the following phase calculation of object wave.
LASER AND BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES
TERAHERTZ TRANSMISSION AND REFLECTION SPECTRA OF CATARACT MODIFIED HUMAN CRYSTALLINE LENS Ezerskaya Anna A, Smolyanskaya Olga A, Sergey Parakhuda , Yaroslav Grachyov, Aleksandra Goncharenko
Correlation between the optical density of the crystalline lens nucleus in terahertz range with its density, determined according to the L. Buratto classification was revealed. Lens fibers infiltration caused by senile cataract increases the lens reflectivity in the THz range. The temporal structure of reflected THz signals allows determining the spatial distribution of crystalline lens density.
ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS
FORMATION OF THE ALGORITHMIC RECURSIVE CORRECTION FOR SYSTEMATIC CODES MULTIPLE ERRORS BASED ON QUASI-SYNDROMES IN THE RATE OF HARDWARE TIME Ushakov Anatoly Vladimirovich, Elena S. Yaitskaya
The article deals with correction signals forming of systematic codes distortion using quasi-syndromes of errors in the algorithmic recurrent decode environment in the case of high multiplicity error correction and in the rate of hardware time. The article positions are illustrated by example.
PHYSICAL PROCESSES RESEARCH IN THE PULSE XENON LAMP AT THE PUMP ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT OPERATION ON THE BASIS OF MODULATOR WITH THE PARTIAL DISCHARGE CONDENSER Мандрыко Ю. А., Vyacheslav Togatov
The article deals with the physical processes research while the pulse forming of the pump current in the plasma channel of the pulse xenon lamp in the pump current limitation mode by lamp itself.
SYNTHESIS OF OPTIMAL ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS BY MODIFIED GENETIC ALGORITHM Igor B. Bondarenko , Gatchin Yuri A, Гераничев В. Н.
Principles of neural networks synthesis are considered, shortcomings of approaches are shown when choosing the structure and scales adjustment. Networks optimization is possible by evolutionary algorithms application with advantages becoming apparent with multi coherent and multilayered networks operation. Simulation experiments were made on concrete test function and confirm efficiency of the developed algorithms.
CONTROL SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION AND ADJUSTMENT FOR THE ELECTRO DRIVE OF TELESCOPE AZIMUTHAL AXIS Sergey Tushev
The article describes mathematical model acquisition method for the telescope azimuthal axis electro drive by its parameters identification. Obtained model is used to configure high-precision object automatic control system, and its work is checked on a real device. Theoretical calculations coincide with the practical results to a great extent, showing the reliability of control system development method. The article is of great interest for students, postgraduates, employees of electro technical specialties, and specialties related to the theory of automatic control.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
PROBLEM-ORIENTED AGENT-BASED PLATFORM OF MULTI MODEL COMPLEXES DESIGN FOR REGIONAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT SUPPORT Andrey Gorokhov
A cognitive approach has been proposed for regional development of global safety management information and analytical support problems solution based on conceptual, system-dynamic and multi-agent simulation methods combination of complex dynamic systems and informatization processes. The approach provides intelligent decision support systems development technologies design used in the field of regional socio-economic systems safety development forecasting and strategic planning. Architecture and base components of distributed problem-oriented agent-based platform for multi model complexes application and design for region safety management support have been developed.
The approaches to fault-tolerant computer networks organization are researched based on duplicated computer complexes, providing reliability and performance increase via dynamic redistribution of the requests flow, taking into account status and occupancy of computer nodes. The presented results demonstrate the important role of multiplicity of redundancy and occupancy balancing in system efficiency. The dependence of system efficiency on the distribution method of computer nodes between network levels and requests flow between nodes are identified. The efficiency of reliability and performance ensuring for computer systems, composed of duplicated computer complexes, based on dynamic requests allocation is demonstrated.
DE BRUIJN SEQUENCES APPLICATION FOR PSEUDO REGULAR CODE SCALES GENERATION Ozhiganov Aleхander A., Ilya Zakharov
An algorithm for De Bruijn sequences generation of the given degree based on the graphs of the same name is proposed. Examples of pseudo regular code masks creation based on the generated sequences are given.
DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS OF THE ENTERPRISE IT- INFRASTRUCTURE Dmitry Kurochkin, Peter Burakov
Management task of a reliable, modern, adaptive, flexible and functional enterprise IT- infrastructure creation which is the basis of corporate information systems operation, testing and new business applications implementation are discussed. This problem decision is connected with the decision of the whole complex of problems based on enterprise IT- infrastructure formation. The strategy defines a set of priority initiatives in the field of information technology which allows developing an information technological complex of the enterprise in concord, with participation of all divisions, on the basis of uniform requirements for achievement of the enterprise strategic targets.
MECHANICS AND MECHATRONICS
KINEMATIC CONTROL OF TWO-PARAMETRICAL SCANNING AERIAL George Zamoruev, Kalapyshina Irina I.
The article deals with kinematics of two-parametrical scanning aerial and the character of its movement. Simulation model of aerial mechanical module in SimMechanics package is suggested and solution of analytical equations for mechanical module movement by MATLAB functions is obtained. Comparison of numerical results obtained at similar initial conditions is carried out for simulation model of aerial mechanical module in SimMechanics package and analytical equations for mechanical module movement by MATLAB functions. The case with an additional rotation angle is simulated.
MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY AND NANOTECHNOLOGIES
QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION OF NONLINEAR DYNAMICS IN THE POROUS ACRYLIC THIN FILM Lukyanov Gennadiy N, Uspenskaya Maya Valerievna
The process of watery solutions absorption by the acrylic polymer films and its quantitative description is investigated. Swelling dynamics of obtained hydrogels is described on the basis of Hurst exponents images and fractal dimension at different swelling phases. Ionized networks of copolymers of acrylic acid, N,N’- methylenebisacrylamide, were prepared by free-radical polymerization in water in the form of thin porous films. The dynamics of the pores filling is quantitatively described on the basis of the Hurst exponents and fractal dimensions by means of ellipsometry.
THERMAL PHYSICS AND THEORETICAL HEAT ENGINEERING
METHOD OF THE FREE-CONVECTION HEAT EXCHANGE CALCULATION ON SOLID SURFACES IN A WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE Anton Sokolov
Method of the free-convection heat exchange calculation on solid surfaces is presented in 110-1000 К temperature range. Analytical form for Rayleigh number in a wide temperature range is presented. The results of the calculation for Rayleigh number are compared with reference data for air. The discrepancy between the above formula and the reference data does not exceed 10%.
INFORMATION SECURITY METHODS AND SYSTEMS
MATHEMATICAL ESTIMATION MODELS OF INFORMATION SECURITY SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE AT THE ENTERPRISE Gatchin Yuri A, Zharinov Igor Olegovich, Korobeynikov Anatoliy Grigorievich
Design mathematical methods of information security system infrastructure at the enterprise are considered. Mathematical models of costs minimization for information security system infrastructure creation and maximization of information security level of the enterprise and results of their practical use are given.
MALWARE DETECTION METHOD BASED ON THE PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION PROCESS ANALYSIS Igor A. Zikratov, Vasilenko Roman S
The main problems of traditional methods of malicious software detection, based on the virus databases updating are analyzed. Alternative methods based on cloud computing are considered. A new detection method based on the unknown software propagation analysis is proposed.
PROBABILISTIC ANALYSIS MODEL FOR INFORMATION INFLUENCE Aleksey Gvozdev, Lebedev Ilya S, Igor A. Zikratov
The probabilistic approach of information influence evaluation on the users’ opinion in open systems is described. Core statements of mathematical theory for the other probabilistic models creation are proposed.
INFORMATION PROTECTION AGAINST INTENTIONAL ELECTROMAGNETIC INFLUENCES Lev Batalov , Michail Zhukovsky, Ruslan Kirichek , Boris Lazarev
Procedures and consequences of intentional electromagnetic influence on the Ethernet networks using ultra short electromagnetic pulses are described. A probabilistic error origin model in data transfer over the Ethernet for such actions is represented.
INSTRUMENT-MAKING TECHNIQUE. ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION
INTEGRATED ENGINEERING DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES FOR POLYMERIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS Yablochnikov Yevgeny I., Vasilkov Sergey D., Yulia Fomina
The necessity of information and telecommunication platform (ITP) creation is proved for solving the selection and design of new polymer composites in the field of instrument-making. Software systems for design of new materials and structural analysis of products with the manufacture technology are defined. The functional diagram of an integrated solution is represented. The injection molding is considered as the basic technology of product manufacturing. The requirements to the ITP dataware are defined in view of material database usage, both by users and software systems.
PRODUCT SURFACE QUALITY PROVIDING ON ELECTRO-EROSION EQUIPMENT Valetov Vyacheslav A., Vitaliy Medunetskiy
Expediency of electro-erosion facilities in preparing surfaces with determined micro geometric surface parameters while creating formative matrix is justified. Solutions of technological tasks are presented, which show the expediency of electro-erosion facilities in simplifying of creating technology and efficiency increase with saving specified surface quality. In addition, experiments results are presented, showing failure of parametrical method as a method of surface roughness assessment, and showing influence of instrumentelectrode surface roughness on the speed of blank-product surface processing.
ECONOMICS AND FINANCES. MANAGEMENT
MANAGEMENT SCIENTIFIC PRECONDITIONS FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN THE PROBLEMS DECISION OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA Svetlana Murashova
Basic directions for formation of management scientific preconditions for intellectual property are stated, interrelation of strategic innovative development of the country with intellectual property management at businessunits level is shown and modern approach to commercialization of intellectual activity results is reflected.
METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF SUSTAINABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS STRUCTURES AS SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Olga Tikhomirova
The article discusses the methodological and theoretical basis of sustainability and sustainable development of business structures as socio-economic systems. Issues of sustainability and sustainable development are of increasing relevance and acuteness in the circumstances of unstable socioeconomic situation, financial crises, having become increasingly frequent in the context of globalization. Definitions of sustainability, sustainable development, an analysis of the essence of sustainability are proposed; the main criteria and factors of sustainable development and principles of sustainability of business structures are considered.
RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT FOR GOODS AND VEHICLES MOVEMENT THROUGH CUSTOMS BORDER OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Anastasiya Dayub, Natalia Kurkina
Risk management system for goods and vehicles movement through customs border of the Russian Federation is analyzed. Basic elements of the system mechanism are considered. This system application results are analyzed.
INNOVATION STAGES DISTRIBUTION OF VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENTS IN RUSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES Georgiy Shevelev
A balanced system of venture capital investment is necessary for the development of innovation sphere. The absence of investors at one innovation development stage threatens to decrease the speed of innovation sphere development and the loss of perspective projects and designs. This article provides the analysis of investments by innovation stages in the US and Russia, which identifies significant problems in the innovations development in the Russian Federation.
NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
PROJECT MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR UNIVERSITY MAIN COMPETENCE-ORIENTED EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS Pershin Alexander Alexandrovich
Project management model for university main competence-oriented educational programs is suggested; its principle parts are considered. The structure of main competence-oriented educational program is described and the structure of graduation student competence model as well. Step-by-step approach for creation of graduation student competence model is shown.
TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF REFRACTION INDEX FOR ETHYLENE GLYCOL AND PROPYLENE GLYCOL AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS Nikolay P. Belov, Sergey V. Lapshin, Alexander Patyaev, Sherstobitova Alexandra S.
According to demands of industrial refractometric technologies, temperature dependence of refractive index and temperature factor data in the range of 10 to 60 °C of aqueous solutions of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol with concentration k = 0–60 % are given.
SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR THE AUTOMATED WORKPLACE OF THE ONBOARD AVIATION EQUIPMENT DEVELOPER Gatchin Yuri A, Zharinov Igor Olegovich, Zharinov Oleg O
The architecture for the automated workplace of the onboard aviation equipment developer is considered. The scheme is given and the basic functional components being a part of specialized automated design system, used on the aviation enterprise, are described.
LIFE CYCLE “DESIGN-MANUFACTURE-OPERATION” REALIZATION FOR ONBOARD EQUIPMENT AT THE AVIATION INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES Ivan Gatchin, Zharinov Igor Olegovich, Zharinov Oleg O, Paul Kosenkov
The technology of life cycle support for aviation production within the framework of “design-manufactureoperation” is considered. Interaction scheme for manufacturers, suppliers and users of onboard equipment and the structure of the product account in a corporate electronic database is given.
ON THE INFORMATION SECURITY WORKS AGAINST INTENTIONAL ELECTROMAGNETIC INFLUENCES Michail Zhukovsky, Vladimir Chvanov
Proposals on organization and maintenance of works on information security against deliberate electromagnetic influences are given. These proposals are the basis of the state standard specification project being developed by the authors.
CONSOLIDATION OF DIVERSE CHANNELS OF COMPUTER NETWORK Osipov Andrey V, Bogatyrev Vladimir A
Options for wired and wireless channels of computer networks merging into a single redundant environment are analyzed.
ESTIMATION OF FUNCTIONAL SAFETY FOR THE DUPLICATED COMPUTING SYSTEMS Bogatyrev Vladimir A, Bibikov Sergey V
The article deals with specified estimation of functional safety for the duplicated computing system in view of periodicity of control and transition possibility in a dangerous condition because of not detecting the refusal of one of system computers.
FINANCIAL PLANNING SYSTEMS REVIEW IN THE MARKET OF KAZAKHSTAN Murat Baimuldin, Aliya Shaugumbekova
This article discusses basic functions and requirements for the system of financial planning. The most common systems in Kazakhstan are analyzed in agreement with the requirements.
MUSICAL COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MODERN PROFESSIONAL MUSIC EDUCATION Vladimir Belichenko, Irina Gorbunova
The paper considers a new pausing method for intonational speech synthesis systems based on the analysis of distributional semantics in large text corpora. The support vector machine and two speech corpora in Kazakh were used for pause prediction. The prediction of pause places was carried out at the level of bigrams, where the input parameters of the bigram were the vector representations of both of its words and their bit string representation in the Brown cluster model. The carried out studies have shown that the proposed pausing method for the automatic speech synthesis systems for the Kazakh language in the narrative style provides high accuracy of pause placement. The importance of homogeneous data usage was confirmed experimentally for solving such problems. Such approach can facilitate the creation of automatic speech synthesis for many languages.