Summaries of the Issue

OPTICAL AND OPTICAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. OPTICAL TECHNOLOGIES

OPTICAL SPECTRAL TECHNOLOGIES APPLICATION FOR CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTICS OF BLEACHING WORKS IN THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY Nikolay P. Belov, Prokopenko Victor T., Sherstobitova Alexandra S., Yaskov Andrey D.
1
  The article deals with optical methods, control and diagnostics means of bleaching works in the pulp and paper industry using chlorinated whitens. Results of laboratory studies in visible region of wavelengths of cellulose diffuse reflectance R and parameter of whiteness B against the expenditure of chlorinated whiten and continuance of bleaching process are represented. Spectral data of diffuse reflectance are compared with the ultraviolet absorption in aqueous solutions of residual lignins. Algorithms of optical spectral technologies application for optimization of pulp bleaching works are substantiated. Results of industrial tests of optical spectral sensor of whiteness in Kotlas Pulp and Paper Mill bleaching manufacture are represented.
REMOTE LASER IDENTIFICATION OF THE BUILDING MATERIAL TYPE Maria Belyaeva , Trofimov Vladimir A.
8
  Features of the fiber-optic method for remote identification of material type with a fiber ytterbium laser are described; the feasibility is shown to determine the basic building materials type by the spectrograms of plasma torch originating at affecting of laser radiation on the surface of the test materials; the ability of the identification process automation is analyzed.
DYNAMIC PARAMETERS OPTIMIZATION FOR TRIGGER TYPE OPTICAL PROBE Majorov Evgeniy E., Prokopenko Victor T., Larisa Ushveridze
13
  The article deals with a way of the influence minimization of the speckle modulation in the trigger type optical probes on the output. The issue of discrete data acquisition is analyzed. Correlation function measurements of the output signal envelope at several arbitrary points on the surface of the object are done. Obtained results are of great practical importance for the trigger type optical probe.
OPTICAL CONTROL IN THE QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF PISTON RINGS PRODUCTION Aram Arustamyan, Vladimir Maslov, Vladimir Minakov
16
  Spectral characteristics experimental study of the object position reflection (bucket of molten metal) by X-Rite spectrophotometer (Switzerland) is done, the possibility of spectral characteristics representing by linearharmonic functions with enough metrological accuracy class is proved.
Modeling of structural-rheological properties of sunflower oil miscella Fedorov A.V. , Alexander G. Novoselov, Fedorov A.A. , Kowalskiy Ilya S., Volkov Sergey M.
12–26
1025
Предложен вариант развития метода логического дополнения по равновесным кодам. Представлен способ организации контроля комбинационных логических устройств на основе метода логического дополнения до равновесного кода „1 из 4“, не требующий доопределения значений одной из рабочих функций объекта диагностирования. Он основан на алгоритме пошагового доопределе-ния контрольных функций с учетом формирования хотя бы по одному разу всех тестовых комбинаций для элементов сложения по модулю два в блоке логического дополнения и тестера. Возникающие в процессе получения значений контрольных функций неопределенные значения позволяют оптимизировать структуру блока контрольной логики и минимизировать сложность конечного устройства. На сложность технической реализации конечного устройства также влияют выбор непреобразуемой функции и последовательность доопределения функций. Замена функций в последовательность доопределения позволяет выбрать наилучший способ построения схемы контроля по показателю структурной избыточности конечного устройства. Рассматриваемый способ, однако, имеет недостаток: необходимо обеспечить появление на входах логического устройства требуемого множества тестовых комбинаций, что может оказаться затруднительным при малом количестве входов.
1025
Предложен вариант развития метода логического дополнения по равновесным кодам. Представлен способ организации контроля комбинационных логических устройств на основе метода логического дополнения до равновесного кода „1 из 4“, не требующий доопределения значений одной из рабочих функций объекта диагностирования. Он основан на алгоритме пошагового доопределе-ния контрольных функций с учетом формирования хотя бы по одному разу всех тестовых комбинаций для элементов сложения по модулю два в блоке логического дополнения и тестера. Возникающие в процессе получения значений контрольных функций неопределенные значения позволяют оптимизировать структуру блока контрольной логики и минимизировать сложность конечного устройства. На сложность технической реализации конечного устройства также влияют выбор непреобразуемой функции и последовательность доопределения функций. Замена функций в последовательность доопределения позволяет выбрать наилучший способ построения схемы контроля по показателю структурной избыточности конечного устройства. Рассматриваемый способ, однако, имеет недостаток: необходимо обеспечить появление на входах логического устройства требуемого множества тестовых комбинаций, что может оказаться затруднительным при малом количестве входов.
77
The subject is relevant that is bound, on the one hand, to need of inducing of development of the foreign trade activity and its liberalization. On the other hand, with the increasing stream of violations, including illegal acts, when crossing goods and products through the customs territory of the Russian Federation that demands, on the contrary, strengthening and toughenings of rules of customs regulation. And measures of liberalization and toughening influence formation of the competitive environment. Therefore their development demands system idea of the facts and volumes of violations in the foreign trade activity and also assessment of consequences on the level of competitiveness of the domestic enterprises. Also, the relevance of a subject of a research is defined by need of assessment of level of economic security and also influences of separate factors and threats in the foreign trade activity is dictated by specifics and inhomogeneity foreign trade both at the level of the region, and at the federal level. Besides, it should be noted that the factors promoting emergence of threats and also forms of realization of threats often have quite accurately expressed character.
163
In this paper, the author proves the need to form an objective management decision-making in the formation of interrelations between the real and financial sectors of the Russian economy on an innovative basis based on an integrated approach using the methods of strategic analysis, planning and forecasting. The proposed approach associated with the transfer of the application of SWOT-analysis from the local level to the macro level to overcome threats to national and scientific and technological security and the application of the method of analytical hierarchies (MAH) is notable for its novelty and practically promising. The combined use of SWOT analysis, MAH and forecasting using a linear statistical regression model makes it possible to present the initial pattern matrix, which is a SWOT analysis of the innovative and safe development of the real and financial sectors of Russia with the identification of competitive advantages and disadvantages, innovation potential and security threats. The innovation potential and its indicator components are key indicators for assessing the development of the competitive advantages of the Russian economy and identifying weaknesses. A step-by-step consideration of the application of the SWOT-analysis together with the MAH allows expanding the initial matrix - pattern and presenting four draft strategies for the innovative development of the national economy of Russia: an innovative import substitution strategy, an external integration strategy, a survival strategy and an author's one. It is proved that the author’s comprehensive breakthrough strategy based on the leading directions of development, the formation of interrelations of the sectors under consideration and the cluster approach most effectively affects the innovative and safe development of the national economy of Russia.
77
Тема является актуальной, что связано, с одной стороны, с необходимостью стимулирования развития внешнеторговой деятельности и ее либерализацией. С другой стороны, с возрастающим потоком нарушений, включая противоправные деяния, при пересечении товаров и продукции через таможенную территорию РФ, что требует, напротив, усиление и ужесточения правил таможенного регулирования. И меры либерализации и ужесточения влияют на формирование конкурентной среды. Поэтому их разработка требует системного представления о фактах и объемах нарушений во внешнеторговой деятельности, а также оценку последствий на уровень конкурентоспособности отечественных предприятий. Также, актуальность темы исследования определяется необходимостью оценки уровня экономической безопасности, а также влияния отдельных факторов и угроз во внешнеторговой деятельности диктуется спецификой и неоднородностью внешней торговлей как на уровне региона, так и на федеративном уровне. Кроме того, следует отметить, что факторы, способствующие возникновению угроз, а также формы реализации угроз зачастую носят довольно четко выраженный характер.

PHOTONICS AND OPTOINFORMATIСS

21
  Comparative analysis is performed applied to the two methods of tomography images reconstruction in spectral optical coherence tomography: conventional method based on inverse Fourier transformation and logarithmic transformation method. Advantages of the logarithmic transformation method are shown expressed in obtaining images of higher quality due to elimination of distortions introduced by accompanying non-informative components of interferometer signals in spectral optical coherence tomography.
RECONSTRUCTION OF DIGITAL FOURIER HOLOGRAM IN CASE OF NYQUIST FREQUENCY EXCESS Anton Grebenyuk , Konstantin Grebenyuk , Vladimir Ryabukho
24
  Experimental investigation of registration peculiarities of digital Fourier holograms in case of Nyquist frequency excess has been carried out. It has been shown, that exceeding of Nyquist frequency by carrier frequency of the hologram leads not to disappearance of the reconstructed image, but to gradual decrease of image intensity, which indicates decrease of hologram diffraction efficiency.
28
  The results of small displacements determination of objects surface by digital holography method are presented. The process of digital holograms recording and phase information reconstruction from the holograms are considered. Measurement accuracy of the normal surface displacement of an object while using two methods of the zero-order diffraction removing is compared with the following phase calculation of object wave.

LASER AND BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES

TERAHERTZ TRANSMISSION AND REFLECTION SPECTRA OF CATARACT MODIFIED HUMAN CRYSTALLINE LENS Ezerskaya Anna A, Smolyanskaya Olga A, Sergey Parakhuda , Yaroslav Grachyov, Aleksandra Goncharenko
33
  Correlation between the optical density of the crystalline lens nucleus in terahertz range with its density, determined according to the L. Buratto classification was revealed. Lens fibers infiltration caused by senile cataract increases the lens reflectivity in the THz range. The temporal structure of reflected THz signals allows determining the spatial distribution of crystalline lens density.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX SYSTEMS

37
  The article deals with correction signals forming of systematic codes distortion using quasi-syndromes of errors in the algorithmic recurrent decode environment in the case of high multiplicity error correction and in the rate of hardware time. The article positions are illustrated by example.
42
  The article deals with the physical processes research while the pulse forming of the pump current in the plasma channel of the pulse xenon lamp in the pump current limitation mode by lamp itself.
SYNTHESIS OF OPTIMAL ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS BY MODIFIED GENETIC ALGORITHM Igor B. Bondarenko , Gatchin Yuri Armenacovich, Гераничев В. Н.
51
  Principles of neural networks synthesis are considered, shortcomings of approaches are shown when choosing the structure and scales adjustment. Networks optimization is possible by evolutionary algorithms application with advantages becoming apparent with multi coherent and multilayered networks operation. Simulation experiments were made on concrete test function and confirm efficiency of the developed algorithms.
56
  The article describes mathematical model acquisition method for the telescope azimuthal axis electro drive by its parameters identification. Obtained model is used to configure high-precision object automatic control system, and its work is checked on a real device. Theoretical calculations coincide with the practical results to a great extent, showing the reliability of control system development method. The article is of great interest for students, postgraduates, employees of electro technical specialties, and specialties related to the theory of automatic control.

COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

60
  A cognitive approach has been proposed for regional development of global safety management information and analytical support problems solution based on conceptual, system-dynamic and multi-agent simulation methods combination of complex dynamic systems and informatization processes. The approach provides intelligent decision support systems development technologies design used in the field of regional socio-economic systems safety development forecasting and strategic planning. Architecture and base components of distributed problem-oriented agent-based platform for multi model complexes application and design for region safety management support have been developed.
65
  The approaches to fault-tolerant computer networks organization are researched based on duplicated computer complexes, providing reliability and performance increase via dynamic redistribution of the requests flow, taking into account status and occupancy of computer nodes. The presented results demonstrate the important role of multiplicity of redundancy and occupancy balancing in system efficiency. The dependence of system efficiency on the distribution method of computer nodes between network levels and requests flow between nodes are identified. The efficiency of reliability and performance ensuring for computer systems, composed of duplicated computer complexes, based on dynamic requests allocation is demonstrated.
69
  An algorithm for De Bruijn sequences generation of the given degree based on the graphs of the same name is proposed. Examples of pseudo regular code masks creation based on the generated sequences are given.
74
  Management task of a reliable, modern, adaptive, flexible and functional enterprise IT- infrastructure creation which is the basis of corporate information systems operation, testing and new business applications implementation are discussed. This problem decision is connected with the decision of the whole complex of problems based on enterprise IT- infrastructure formation. The strategy defines a set of priority initiatives in the field of information technology which allows developing an information technological complex of the enterprise in concord, with participation of all divisions, on the basis of uniform requirements for achievement of the enterprise strategic targets.

MECHANICS AND MECHATRONICS

KINEMATIC CONTROL OF TWO-PARAMETRICAL SCANNING AERIAL George Zamoruev, Kalapyshina Irina I.
78
  The article deals with kinematics of two-parametrical scanning aerial and the character of its movement. Simulation model of aerial mechanical module in SimMechanics package is suggested and solution of analytical equations for mechanical module movement by MATLAB functions is obtained. Comparison of numerical results obtained at similar initial conditions is carried out for simulation model of aerial mechanical module in SimMechanics package and analytical equations for mechanical module movement by MATLAB functions. The case with an additional rotation angle is simulated.

MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY AND NANOTECHNOLOGIES

84
  The process of watery solutions absorption by the acrylic polymer films and its quantitative description is investigated. Swelling dynamics of obtained hydrogels is described on the basis of Hurst exponents images and fractal dimension at different swelling phases. Ionized networks of copolymers of acrylic acid, N,N’- methylenebisacrylamide, were prepared by free-radical polymerization in water in the form of thin porous films. The dynamics of the pores filling is quantitatively described on the basis of the Hurst exponents and fractal dimensions by means of ellipsometry.

THERMAL PHYSICS AND THEORETICAL HEAT ENGINEERING

88
  Method of the free-convection heat exchange calculation on solid surfaces is presented in 110-1000 К temperature range. Analytical form for Rayleigh number in a wide temperature range is presented. The results of the calculation for Rayleigh number are compared with reference data for air. The discrepancy between the above formula and the reference data does not exceed 10%.

INFORMATION SECURITY METHODS AND SYSTEMS

MATHEMATICAL ESTIMATION MODELS OF INFORMATION SECURITY SYSTEM INFRASTRUCTURE AT THE ENTERPRISE Gatchin Yuri Armenacovich, Zharinov Igor Olegovich, Korobeynikov Anatoliy Grigorievich
92
  Design mathematical methods of information security system infrastructure at the enterprise are considered. Mathematical models of costs minimization for information security system infrastructure creation and maximization of information security level of the enterprise and results of their practical use are given.
95
  The main problems of traditional methods of malicious software detection, based on the virus databases updating are analyzed. Alternative methods based on cloud computing are considered. A new detection method based on the unknown software propagation analysis is proposed.
PROBABILISTIC ANALYSIS MODEL FOR INFORMATION INFLUENCE Aleksey Gvozdev, Lebedev Ilya S, Igor A. Zikratov
99
  The probabilistic approach of information influence evaluation on the users’ opinion in open systems is described. Core statements of mathematical theory for the other probabilistic models creation are proposed.
INFORMATION PROTECTION AGAINST INTENTIONAL ELECTROMAGNETIC INFLUENCES Lev Batalov , Michail Zhukovsky, Ruslan Kirichek , Boris Lazarev
103
  Procedures and consequences of intentional electromagnetic influence on the Ethernet networks using ultra short electromagnetic pulses are described. A probabilistic error origin model in data transfer over the Ethernet for such actions is represented.

INSTRUMENT-MAKING TECHNIQUE. ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION

INTEGRATED ENGINEERING DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES FOR POLYMERIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS Yablochnikov Yevgeny I., Vasilkov Sergey D., Yulia Fomina
109
  The necessity of information and telecommunication platform (ITP) creation is proved for solving the selection and design of new polymer composites in the field of instrument-making. Software systems for design of new materials and structural analysis of products with the manufacture technology are defined. The functional diagram of an integrated solution is represented. The injection molding is considered as the basic technology of product manufacturing. The requirements to the ITP dataware are defined in view of material database usage, both by users and software systems.
PRODUCT SURFACE QUALITY PROVIDING ON ELECTRO-EROSION EQUIPMENT Valetov Vyacheslav A., Vitaliy Medunetskiy
113
  Expediency of electro-erosion facilities in preparing surfaces with determined micro geometric surface parameters while creating formative matrix is justified. Solutions of technological tasks are presented, which show the expediency of electro-erosion facilities in simplifying of creating technology and efficiency increase with saving specified surface quality. In addition, experiments results are presented, showing failure of parametrical method as a method of surface roughness assessment, and showing influence of instrumentelectrode surface roughness on the speed of blank-product surface processing.

ECONOMICS AND FINANCES. MANAGEMENT

117
  Basic directions for formation of management scientific preconditions for intellectual property are stated, interrelation of strategic innovative development of the country with intellectual property management at businessunits level is shown and modern approach to commercialization of intellectual activity results is reflected.
120
  The article discusses the methodological and theoretical basis of sustainability and sustainable development of business structures as socio-economic systems. Issues of sustainability and sustainable development are of increasing relevance and acuteness in the circumstances of unstable socioeconomic situation, financial crises, having become increasingly frequent in the context of globalization. Definitions of sustainability, sustainable development, an analysis of the essence of sustainability are proposed; the main criteria and factors of sustainable development and principles of sustainability of business structures are considered.
124
  Risk management system for goods and vehicles movement through customs border of the Russian Federation is analyzed. Basic elements of the system mechanism are considered. This system application results are analyzed.
128
  A balanced system of venture capital investment is necessary for the development of innovation sphere. The absence of investors at one innovation development stage threatens to decrease the speed of innovation sphere development and the loss of perspective projects and designs. This article provides the analysis of investments by innovation stages in the US and Russia, which identifies significant problems in the innovations development in the Russian Federation.

NEW TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION

133
  Project management model for university main competence-oriented educational programs is suggested; its principle parts are considered. The structure of main competence-oriented educational program is described and the structure of graduation student competence model as well. Step-by-step approach for creation of graduation student competence model is shown.

BRIEF REPORTS

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF REFRACTION INDEX FOR ETHYLENE GLYCOL AND PROPYLENE GLYCOL AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS Nikolay P. Belov, Sergei Lapshin, Alexander Patyaev, Sherstobitova Alexandra S.
138
According to demands of industrial refractometric technologies, temperature dependence of refractive index and temperature factor data in the range of 10 to 60 °C of aqueous solutions of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol with concentration k = 0–60 % are given.
SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR THE AUTOMATED WORKPLACE OF THE ONBOARD AVIATION EQUIPMENT DEVELOPER Gatchin Yuri Armenacovich, Zharinov Igor Olegovich, Zharinov Oleg O
140
The architecture for the automated workplace of the onboard aviation equipment developer is considered. The scheme is given and the basic functional components being a part of specialized automated design system, used on the aviation enterprise, are described.
141
The technology of life cycle support for aviation production within the framework of “design-manufactureoperation” is considered. Interaction scheme for manufacturers, suppliers and users of onboard equipment and the structure of the product account in a corporate electronic database is given.
143
Proposals on organization and maintenance of works on information security against deliberate electromagnetic influences are given. These proposals are the basis of the state standard specification project being developed by the authors.
CONSOLIDATION OF DIVERSE CHANNELS OF COMPUTER NETWORK Osipov Andrey V, Bogatyrev Vladimir Anatolievich
145
Options for wired and wireless channels of computer networks merging into a single redundant environment are analyzed.
ESTIMATION OF FUNCTIONAL SAFETY FOR THE DUPLICATED COMPUTING SYSTEMS Bogatyrev Vladimir Anatolievich, Bibikov Sergey V
146
The article deals with specified estimation of functional safety for the duplicated computing system in view of periodicity of control and transition possibility in a dangerous condition because of not detecting the refusal of one of system computers.
147
This article discusses basic functions and requirements for the system of financial planning. The most common systems in Kazakhstan are analyzed in agreement with the requirements.
148
The paper considers a new pausing method for intonational speech synthesis systems based on the analysis of distributional semantics in large text corpora. The support vector machine and two speech corpora in Kazakh were used for pause prediction. The prediction of pause places was carried out at the level of bigrams, where the input parameters of the bigram were the vector representations of both of its words and their bit string representation in the Brown cluster model. The carried out studies have shown that the proposed pausing method for the automatic speech synthesis systems for the Kazakh language in the narrative style provides high accuracy of pause placement. The importance of homogeneous data usage was confirmed experimentally for solving such problems. Such approach can facilitate the creation of automatic speech synthesis for many languages.
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